+ Publier publicitaire GRATUIT !
Stats d'annonce: Dernier 24h - 83, actuel - 1127, total - 104466

Learn Where the Top Bacterial Hot Spots are in Your Car

1 Novembre 2012 - Autoblog

Learn Where the Top Bacterial Hot Spots are in Your Car

Engineers from the Ford Research and Innovation Center have been working with the University of Michigan to find the grimiest bits inside your car and their results are, well, not all that surprising.

Turns out, the most microbe-infested parts of our cars' interiors are the same spots we touch the most. The team took samples from 10 locations in employees' cars including steering wheels, radio buttons, shift knobs, and window switches.

"Our findings suggest car interiors are complex ecosystems that house trillions of diverse microorganisms interacting with each other, with humans, and with their environment," says Dr. Blaise Boles, assistant professor in the U-M Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology in a press release.

The two most likely spots to encounter some of these bugs is on your steering wheel around your car's cup holders. "The console area near the cup holders is a common location for spilled drinks, so it provides an ideal feeding ground for microbes," says Cindy Peters, Ford Motor Company technical expert.

The point of the study wasn't just to gross out drivers and encourage cleaner driving habits. After identifying the grossest areas, the team set to work on developing paint additives that might one day discourage the growth of microbes. Ford is currently testing interior coatings infused with Agion, an antimicrobial, silver-ion compound. If the long-term, real-world tests show Agion to be effective, you might one day experience the sweet smell of their success first hand.

"We can't control everything that contributes to stains and odors in our cars and trucks," Peters says in the press release. "But we're doing our part to maintain a pleasant cabin environment for our customers over the long haul." Get more of the dirt on the, well, dirt in the press release below.

 

Press Release

?   Operating in a wide array of conditions, cars and trucks can become a breeding ground for a variety of microorganisms that cause odors and discoloration of vehicle surfaces

?   Americans spend approximately $2.3 billion annually on air fresheners

?   Researchers from Ford and the University of Michigan studied vehicle interiors to learn where microbes grow and evaluated antimicrobial additives for coatings

?   Adding silver-ion-based Agion® to paints may significantly inhibit microbe growth

We can't see them, but we are surrounded by tiny microorganisms that can have undesirable effects on the surfaces around us. In cars and trucks, these microscopic organisms including mold and mildew can quickly take hold and spread over a variety of surfaces leading to discoloration, and even unpleasant odors.

"Vehicle cabins are exposed to a wide variety of environmental conditions that can make them microbial breeding grounds," said Cindy Peters, Ford Motor Company technical expert. "Based on growing consumer desire for health and wellness solutions, we decided to take a look at the interiors in Ford vehicles with the goal of creating a cleaner, more aesthetically pleasing environment for our customers."

Market research firm Mintel reports Americans spend approximately $2.3 billion annually on air fresheners including aerosols, plug-ins, slow-release and hanger products found dangling from car mirrors.

Many consumers are sensitive to chemicals or simply don't like the artificial scents of many air fresheners, so a solution that proactively reduces the source of odors for the life of the vehicle might be appreciated.

Engineers from the Ford Research and Innovation Center in Dearborn have been collaborating with a team from the University of Michigan (U-M) led by microbial ecologist Dr. Blaise Boles to evaluate the concentration and growth of microbes in vehicles.

Peters and her colleagues collected samples from a variety of company and employee-owned vehicles. The samples were then cultured and analyzed at a U-M laboratory in Ann Arbor, Mich.

The team took swabs from 10 locations in the vehicle interior including the steering wheel, radio buttons, door handles, window switches and gear shift knobs. The U-M researchers found significant bacteria growth at most of the test locations with the highest concentrations on the steering wheel and the area around the cupholders.

"Our findings suggest car interiors are complex ecosystems that house trillions of diverse microorganisms interacting with each other, with humans, and with their environment," said Boles, assistant professor in the U-M Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology. "The long-term goal is to define the microbial ecology of the car interior and to optimize the design of car interiors to promote comfort and environmental sustainability."

"We weren't surprised to find microbial hot spots on the steering wheel, since that is where a driver's hands are most of the time," added Peters. "The console area near the cupholders is a common location for spilled drinks, so it provides an ideal feeding ground for microbes."

Americans also spend more than $1 billion annually on a variety of products including lotions, wipes and sprays to fight microbial growth. Having identified the source of the microbes in the vehicle cabin, Peters and technical leader Mark Nichols went to work with interior coatings supplier Red Spot Paint and additive supplier Sciessent LLC to develop and test coating formulations that could resist and potentially even reverse microbial growth.

The team focused their attention on three commonly used and EPA-approved antimicrobial additives including silver-ion, ammonium salt and polyolefin wax with a nano-silver coating. Panels painted with four different formulations were then evaluated back at the U-M lab to assess the growth rates of microorganisms.

Parts coated with paint infused with the silver-ion additive sold under the trade name Agion®, contained lower microbe growth than the control parts with the current production paint. Agion, based on elemental ions, works by starving, sterilizing and suffocating the microbes to prevent them from growing and reproducing.

Cars and trucks generally have a much longer life span than most antimicrobial-treated products, and they operate in a wider range of environmental conditions. Drivers expect features to continue working and surfaces to remain intact even after the vehicle has been on the road for many years. Peters and Nichols subjected the specially coated test panels to an accelerated aging process to evaluate their microbe-controlling properties after the equivalent of years of exposure to sun and heat.

Even after simulating many years of use, the microbe growth of the Agion-infused coating changed very little. The additive also had little impact on the gloss and color change of the surfaces over the test period. Parts with the antimicrobial-treated coating are now undergoing real-world testing in a number of Ford development vehicles, and the coating is being evaluated for potential use in future Ford vehicle programs.

"We can't control everything that contributes to stains and odors in our cars and trucks," said Peters. "But we're doing our part to maintain a pleasant cabin environment for our customers over the long haul." 

 

Nouvelles par Tags

2011 models2012 models3D printing458 italia6-series coupeA1A2ABC Automobileabc motorsabu dhabiaccidentaccidentsaccordACIMacuraadidasADSUadvertisingafricaagalegaAIair pollutionairbagairbagsairbusairportAlan GanooAlbionalcotestalfaalfa romeoalgeriaalibabaAllemangeAllied MotorsAlmaalpineAmauryamazonamendesamphibiousandroidAnil BachooAnse-la-Raieappappleappointmentsappsapriliaarabiaargentinaarielarnold schwarzeneggerarsenalArtashok leylandasiaastonaston martinAston Martin ZagatoauctionaudiAudi E-TronAudi Q3Audi Q8Audi RS7audit reportaustraliaAustralian Grand Prixaustriaautoauto industryauto shanghaiauto showauto-écoleautonomous carautonomus carAutopilotautopont de Decaenautopont Decaenautoroute M1aventadorawardsAxessBABagatellebahrain grand prixBAIBaie-du-TombeaubajabajajBalaclavaBambousBangkok International Motor ShowBangkok Motor ShowBangladeshBarklybatmobilebatterybattlebeachbeachesBeau-BassinBeau-ChampBeau-VallonBeaux SongesBeaux-SongesbeetleBeijing Auto ShowBeijing Motor ShowBel-AirBel-EtangBel-Ombrebelgian grand prixBelgiumBell VillageBell-VillageBelle-MareBelle-RoseBenellibentleyBentley BentaygaBentley Continentalbernie ecclestonebetamaxbetamax casebicyclebicyclesbikebikesbiodieselBlackBerryBlue-BaybmwBMW 3 SeriesBMW 4 SeriesBMW 8 seriesBMW i8BMW ix3BMW M2BMW M3BMW M4bmw m5BMW X2bmw x3BMW X5BMW x6BMW x7BMW z4boatboatsboeingBogota Auto ShowBois-MarchandBois-Marchand accidentBois-PignoletBois-RougeBologna Motor ShowBon-Accueilbondboschboston dynamicsBPObrabusbrakesBramsthanbrazilbrexitbribebribesbridgebridgestonebrioBrisée-VerdièreBritish Grand PrixbudgetbugattiBugatti ChironBugatti La Voiture Noirebugatti veyronbuggybuickburnoutbusbusesbuyingbydcadillaccalebassescamaroCamp ChapelonCamp-ChapelonCamp-de-MasqueCamp-DiableCamp-LevieuxCanadacanadian grand prixCandosCanotCap-Malheureuxcaporal Chooluncarcar buying tipscar dealercar dealerscar firecar importcar industrycar loancar marketCar Of The Yearcar rentcar rentalcar salecar salescar servicecar sharingcar showcar theftcar washcarbon fibercarburantsCarlos GhosnCarPlaycarscartingcascavelleCaudanCCIDCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiescentre de fitnessCentres De Fitnesscertificat de fitnesscertificats de fitnessCESChamarelChamp de MarsChamp-de-MarsChebelChemin-GrenierChengdu Motor ShowcherychevroletChevrolet CamaroChevrolet ColoradoChevrolet CorvetteChicago Auto ShowchinaCHINESE GRAND PRIXChris EvanschryslerCité Vallijeecitroencivicclassicclassic carclassic carsclassicsClémenciacode de la routecollectioncommercialcomparisonconceptconceptsConfinementConstanceconsumer reportsContract buscontraventionsconvertiblecoromandelCoronaviruscorruptioncorvetteCottagecour suprêmeCourtCourtscouvre-feuCOVID-19CPBcr-vcrashcrash testcrash testsCristiano Ronaldocrossovercrowdfundingcruise shipCubaCupraCurepipecurfewcustom bikecustom carcustomsCUVCWACybertruckcyclonedaciadaihatsudaimlerdakardakar rallydartzdash camdashcamdatsunde tomasodealersdéconfinementdecongestion routiereDelhi Auto ExpodeloreandesignDetroitDetroit Auto Showdéviationdéviationsdéviations routièresdieseldiesel scandaldieselgateDIVADIYDLCdodgedodge demonDonald TrumpDPPdragdrag battledrag racedrag racingdriftdriftingdriver licensedriverless cardrivers licensedrivingdriving licensedriving schooldriving schoolsdriving testdriving tipsdronedronesdrug racedrugsdrunk drivingdsDubaiDubai Motor ShowducatiDysonD’EpinayearthquakeEbayebeneEbène Car ParkecoecologyeconomyEducationEICMAelecticelectionselectricelon muskemissionsEmmanuel Macronengen motor showengineenginesEOCescroquerieethanoletios livaEUEuropeeveventsexamens de conduiteexcès de vitesseexpofacebookfailfakefake policeFast And Furiousfaux coupons de parkingfaux permisfaux permis de conduireFCAfeeder busfeeder busesfermetureFernando Alonsoferrariferrari 812ferrari f40Ferrari Portofinoferrari romaferryFIAfiatfiestafilmsfinancesfinefinesfinlandFireFirefightersfishersfishingfiskerfitness centerFlacqFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsFlorealflying carflying taxiFond-du-SacFootballForbachForbach accidentforce indiafordFord BroncoFord F-150ford fiestaford focusFord GTFord mustangFord Mustang Mach-EFord Rangerforest-sideformula Eformula1forza motorsportFrancefrankfurtfrankfurt motor showfraudFSCfuelfuel economy scandalfuel pricefuel stationfuel stationsfunnyfutureGaikindo Indonesia International Auto ShowGaikindo Indonesia International Motor Showgamesgare de Rose-HillGare du Nordgare VictoriagasgeargeelygenesisGeneva Auto Showgeneva motor showgerman grand prixGermanygirlsgmgodzillagolfgolf carGoodlandsgoodwoodGoodwood Festival of Speedgooglegoogle glassgoogle mapsGoProgovernmentgpsgran turismogrand tourgrand-baieGrand-BassinGrand-BoisGrand-GaubeGrande-RivièreGrande-Rivière-Nord-Ouestgreat wallgreecegreengreen energygrnoGros-BoisGros-CaillouxGRSE accidentGTAGymkhanahackershakershamannharley davidsonharley-davidsonHatchbackhealthcarehellcatHennesseyHenriettaHermitageherohertzhighlandshistoryhit and runhitachiholdenHollandHollywoodhondaHonda AccordHonda BrioHonda Cityhonda civicHonda Civic type rhonda cr-vHonda Ehonda fitHonda HR-Vhonda jazzhonda monkeyHonda s2000Honda s660Honda VezelHong Konghorse racinghorsepower falsifyingHospitalhospitalshot rodhot wheelshotelhotelshoverbikehoverboardhow toHuayrahummerHummer H1Hummer H2humorhungarian grand prixhurricaneHusqvarnahybridhydrogenhypercarhypercarshyundaiHyundai CretaHyundai ElantraHyundai i20hyundai ioniqHyundai KonaHyundai Santa Cruzhyundai Santa Fehyundai sonataHyundai TucsonHyundai VelosterHyundai Venuei3i40ICACiframacIIHSillegal racesillegal racingillegal rallyillegal taxiillegal transportIMCimportindiaIndia Auto ExpoIndian Motorcycleindian motorcyclesIndian OilindicaIndonesiaIndonesia International Motor Showindonesia motor showinfinitiInfinityinfotainmentinfrastructureinsuranceintelinteriorinteriorsiPadiphoneiranirelandIRPisraelisuzuIsuzu D-maxIsuzu MU-Xitaliaitalian grand prixItalyjaguarJaguar Land Roverjamesjames bondJames MayJan Palach stationjapanjapaneese carsjapanese carjapanese carsJapanese Grand PrixJawajazzJDMjeepJeep CherokeeJeep GladiatorJeep Grand CherokeeJeep Renegadejeep wranglerJeremy ClarksonjettaJin FeijobjobsJohn DeerekartkawasakiKawasaki Ninjakei carken blockKenyakhankiaKia CeedKia ForteKia NiroKia OptimaKia SorentoKia SportageKia Stingerkia TellurideKoenigseggkoreaKoshik ReesaulKTMKTM DukeLALA Auto ShowLa Brasseriela butteLa ChaumièreLa FloraLa GauletteLa MarieLa PrairieLa Tour KoenigLa VigieladaLallmatielamborghiniLamborghini Aventadorlamborghini diablolamborghini gallardolamborghini huracanLamborghini SiánLamborghini UruslanciaLancia Stratoslandland cruiserland roverLand Rover DefenderLand Rover DiscoveryLarsen & ToubroLaventurelawlawslazarethLe HochetLe MornelealLebanonLeevy Frivetlegolewis hamiltonlexuslicenselicense platelight metrolimousinelincolnlink roadLionel MessiLockdownlondonLos Angeles Auto Showlotuslow cost carLRTluxuryluxury carluxury carsL’AventureL’EscalierM1m2m3macondemad maxMadagascarmaha shivaratreeMahebourgmahindramaintenancemalaysiamanmansorymanual transmissionmanufacturingMapoumapsMare d’AlbertMare-aux-VacoasMare-d’Albertmarketmarketingmartinmarutimaruti suzukiMaruti SwiftMaruti Wagon RmaseratiMatt LeBlancMauricioMauritiansmauritiusmaybachmazdamazda 3Mazda 6Mazda MiataMazda Mx-30Mazda Mx-5Mazda RX-7mazda3McLarenMcLaren 720smecedesMELmercedesMercedes AMGMercedes E63Mercedes G-ClassMercedes G63Mercedes GLEMercedes S-ClassMercedes X-classMercedes-MaybachMESmetroMetro Expressmexican grand prixmexicoMGmichael schumachermichelinMicrosoftMidlandsminimini cooperminivanMITDmitsubishiMitsubishi DelicaMitsubishi EclipseMitsubishi L200mitsubishi lancerMitsubishi MirageMitsubishi OutlanderMitsubishi PajeroMitsubishi TritonMitsubishi XpandermitsubushimitsuokaMMMMokamonacomonaco grand prixMont-ChoisyMont-RochesMontagne-BlancheMontagne-LongueMontagne-OrymontebelloMontebello accidentMontée Smontereymoose testmoparMorcellement St AndrémorganMorneMoroccomotoMoto Guzzimoto-écoleMotoClub Racing TeammotorMotor Racing Clubmotor showMotor Vehicle LicenceMotor vehicle test centremotorcyclemotorcyclesmotorsportmotorsportsmotosportmoviemoviesMPAmpvMRAMRCmugenmuscle carMusicmustangmv agustamv augustaMVDAMVLNADA Auto ShowNandanee SoornackNando BodhananonascarNational Coast Guardnavigationnavigation systemnavigation systemsNavin RamgoolamNCGNDUNepalnetherlandsnew carnew york auto shownew zealandnfsNHTSANigerianikolanissanissanNissan 370ZNissan 400Znissan altimaNissan AriyaNissan FrontierNissan GT-RNissan GT-R50Nissan JukeNissan KicksNissan LeafNissan Leaf NismoNissan MaximaNissan MicraNissan navaraNissan NoteNissan PatrolNissan QashqaiNissan RogueNissan SentraNissan SkylineNissan TerraNissan TitanNissan X-trailNissan ZNissan Z ProtonorwayNouvelle-FranceNTANTCNTLANürburgringoff-roadoffroadoil spillOlympic GamesOnline Renewal of Motor Vehicle LicenceopelOpel Corsapaganipagani huayraPagani ZondaPaillesPakistanPalmarPamplemoussespanasonicpapamobileParisparis motor showparkingparliamentPebble Beachpenaltiespenalty pointsPereyberepermis de conduireperoduapetit raffrayPetit-RaffrayPetite-RivièrepetrolPetrol Retailers AssociationpeugeotPeugeot 2008Peugeot 208Peugeot 3008peugeot 508PhilippinesPhoenixPhœnixpickuppickupspininfarinapirelliPitonPlace de l’ImmigrationPlace D’ArmesPlaine MagnienPlaine VertePlaine-des-PapayesPlaine-des-RochesPlaine-LauzunPlaine-MagnienPlaine-VerteplayboyPNQPointe d’EsnyPointe-aux-PimentsPointe-aux-SablespolandpolarispolestarpolicepoliticspollutionpompiersPomponettepontPont ColvillePont-BlancPont-FerpontiacpopemobilePor Louisporscheporsche 911Porsche BoxsterPorsche CayennePorsche MacanPorsche TaycanporsheportPort LouisPort-LouisPoste-de-FlacqPoste-LafayettePoudre-d’Or-HamletPPCPPPprankPravind JugnauthpricepricespriusproguardprotestsprotonPSApublic transportpublict transportQ3qorosQuartier-MilitaireQuatre Bornesquatre-bornesr8RaceracingrainrallyrallyeRallye Eiffelrallye illégalrallye motoramrangerange roverratingsRDArecallrecallsrecordrecordsred bullred bull car park driftRed CrossreduitrenaultRenault ClioRenault Kwidrenault meganeRenault TwingorenderingRenewal of Motor Vehicle Licencerent a carrepairreplicaretroReunionRezvaniRHTRiambelRichard DuvalRichard HammondRiche TerreRiche-TerreRichelieurickshawrimacRimac C_TwoRing RoadrioRipaillesRiviere-des-AnguillesRivière-du-PosteRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-Noireroadroad accidentroad accidentsroad closedroad closureroad rules & regualtionsroad rules & regulationsroad safetyRoad TaxRoad Traffic (Amendment) BillRoad Traffic ActRoad Traffic Amendment ActRoad Traffic Amendment BillRoad Traffic Billroadsroads safetyrobberyrobotrobotsroche-boisRoche-TerreRodrigo DuterteRodriguesrolls-roycerolls-royce cullinanromeorond-point de Beau-BassinRose BelleRose Hillrose-belleRose-HillroverRoyal EinfieldRoyal EnfieldRoyal Enfield Continental GTRRSRSURuben RacingRue Jemmapesrue VandermeerschrumoursRussiaRussian Grand PrixrvsaabSafe Citysafetysafety ratingsafety ratingssafety testsafety testsSaint-PierreSainte-Croixsalesamsungsamusao paulo auto showSao Paulo Motor Showsaudisaudi arabiascamscandalscaniaschool busschool vanscooterscootersseatsebastian vettelSebastopolsecond hand carsecond hand carssecond hand cars importsécurité routièreself driving carself-drivingself-driving carself-driving carsSEMASEMA showSeoul Motor Showservice stationservice stationsShanghaishanghai motor showShehzad SooraballyshelbyShellshowsingaporeSingapore Grand Prixsir GaëtanskodaSlovakiasmartSMFsnakeSobrinho caseSodnacsoftwareSohail Sesungkursolar energySolidarity GrantSolitudesonysorezesoreze accidentSouillacsoulsound systemssouthsouth africasouth koreaspaceXspainSpanish Grand Prixspare partsspeed cameraspeed camerasspeed limitspeedboatspeedingsportSportscarspy shotsssang yongSsangYongssuSt-JeanSt-Jean roadSt-JulienSt-LouisSt-Paulst-pierrestar warsstartupstation-servicestations-servicestatisticsSTCste croixSte-Croixstreet racingstrikestudysubaruSubaru BRZSubaru ImprezaSudhir SesungkursudySunshine AutosupecarssupercarssuperyachtsuprcarssurfboardsurveySUVsuzukiSuzuki BurgmanSuzuki ErtigaSuzuki HayabusaSuzuki IgnisSuzuki IntruderSuzuki JimnySuzuki S-CrossSuzuki SwiftSuzuki Swift Sportsuzuki vitaraSuzuki Wagon RSuzuki XbeeSwedenswiftSwitzerlandTATaiwantakatatamarintankTanzaniaTarisa Resorttatatata motorstaxtax fraudtaxestaxiTBStechnlogytechnolgytechnologytenderTerre-RougeTerre-Rouge–Verdunteslatesla model 3tesla model stest drivetestsThai Motor ExpoThai Motor ShowthailandThailand International Motor ExpoThe Grand TourThe ValetheftThierry Henryticket pricetipstiresTMRSUtokyoTokyo Auto Salontokyo motor showtoptop geartotaltourismtourism authoritytoyotaToyota 86Toyota AlphardToyota AvalonToyota Aygotoyota C-HRtoyota camryToyota CenturyToyota CH-Rtoyota corollaToyota FortunerToyota GR YarisToyota HiaceToyota HighlanderToyota HiluxToyota Land CruiserToyota PriusToyota RAV4Toyota RushToyota Siennatoyota supraToyota TacomaToyota TJ CruiserToyota TundraToyota Venzatoyota yaristoystoytatractortrafficTraffic BranchtrailerTranquebartransformersTransinvesttransporttransport policeTravaux routierstrendsTrianontricksTriolettriumphTrois-BoutiquesTrou d’Eau DouceTrou-aux-BichesTrou-d'Eau-DouceTrou-d’Eau-DouceTrou-Fanfarontrucktruckstsunamitug of wartuningtuniningTurfTurkeytvsTyacktyresUAEuberUBIWUBSukukraineunionsUnited StatesuomuralUrban TerminalUSUSAused carused car importused carsVacoasVacoas-PhoenixvalettaVallée-des-PrêtresVallee-PitotValtonvanvarma caseVeer Luchoomunvehicle inspectionVehiclesvelostervenezuelaVerdunVictoria Bus StationVictoria stationVictoria Urban TerminalvideoVienna Auto ShowvietnamVintagevintage carvintage carsVipervivo energyvoitures reconditionnéesvolvolkswagenVolkswagen BeetleVolkswagen Golfvolvovwvw beetleVW Buggyvw golfVW ID.3VW JettaVW passatvw polovw t-crossWakashiowaymoWeatherwheelsWolmarWootonWork Access PermitWorldyachtyachtsyamahayariszagato
Vendez Votre Auto