+ Publier publicitaire GRATUIT !
Stats d'annonce: Dernier 24h - 76, actuel - 1109, total - 87216

Russia's Detroit Blames Renault-Nissan For Its Decline

16 Mai 2016 - Automotive News

Russia's Detroit Blames Renault-Nissan For Its Decline

In the heartland of Russia's struggling auto industry, people blame Renault-Nissan, the majority owner of AvtoVAZ, for their economic hardship, not their country's rulers.

The Volga river city of Togliatti is the nearest there is to a Russian version of Detroit as the center of production for the market’s best-selling Lada brand. The city was hit hard when Russia's economy slowed, aggravated by a fall in global oil prices and Western sanctions over Russia's role in the Ukraine crisis.

Russian consumers responded to the slowdown by cutting their biggest item of discretionary spending, and for most people that meant putting off buying a new car; a body blow for a city where car making underpins the local economy. Thousands of staff at AvtoVAZ, the company that dominates the city about 1,000 km (600 miles) southeast of Moscow, lost their jobs, and a web of businesses that depend on the auto industry saw their revenues drop.

Residents share an opinion about who is to blame: Renault-Nissan and the recently departed head of AvtoVAZ, the Swedish national Bo Andersson.

"The company's foreign owners are doing nothing to protect the workers," local member of parliament Leonid Kalashnikov wrote in an election pamphlet. "It's not surprising that today Togliatti is on the very brink of a social explosion."

Renault-Nissan owns a combined 67 percent of the holding company that controls AvtoVAZ, while the state-owned company Rostec owns the remaining 33 percent.

Culture clash

Blaming foreigners for Russia's misfortune is a common theme under the rule of President Vladimir Putin. The Kremlin promotes the view that the economic crisis is in part a Western plot to punish Moscow for standing up to the U.S.

In Togliatti, a city of more than 700,000 named after a former Italian communist leader where the roads are filled with the boxy Lada saloons churned out from the AvtoVAZ plant, there is a more immediate reason to dislike foreign influence. Andersson, the CEO until he was removed last month, had been on a drive to weed out inefficient suppliers, in some cases giving the contracts instead to foreign firms. That program contributed to the shutdown of the biggest AvtoVAZ supplier, Avtovazagregat, and two AvtoVAZ subsidiaries, leading to thousands of lay-offs.

At the same time, Andersson was laying off staff at AvtoVAZ itself, a process that accelerated as sales of Lada cars plummeted. Sales last year were 40 percent lower than in 2013. In 2008, AvtoVAZ employed about 110,000 people, or around one in seven of Togliatti's population. By the end of February this year, the number was down to about 44,000, according to Sergei Zaitsev, an AvtoVAZ union boss who also sits on the company's board.

In a newspaper interview shortly before he was removed, Andersson said tough economic times required difficult decisions and AvtoVAZ shareholders had given him carte blanche to take the decisions he deemed necessary, including on layoffs.

The redundancies are standard Western corporate practice. But they collided with a different culture in Russia, one that views the auto industry as a source of national pride and tends to avoid job cuts in favor of cutting pay and working hours.

"AvtoVAZ is being wrecked more than anything by Bo Andersson and his henchmen, by the invaders," said Oleg, a jobless former AvtoVAZ employee who was standing in a line at a labor exchange in Togliatti last month. Yevgeny, a former procurement specialist who lost his job at AvtoVAZ, said foreign producers were wrecking AvtoVAZ so they could then take its market. "It's obviously sabotage," he said.

The two former AvtoVAZ workers declined to be identified by their full names because they did not want to jeopardize their future job prospects.

Andersson was replaced last month after Sergei Chemezov, a friend of Putin and AvtoVAZ's biggest Russian shareholder, accused the Swede of throwing workers "out into the street." The new AvtoVAZ boss, Frenchman Nicolas Maure, used to run Renault's Romanian business, where he says he was good at dealing with labor and that there was no social upheaval while he was there. He has not spelled out how he will deal with AvtoVAZ's problems.

Hardship

For the Russian workers laid off, life in Togliatti is hard. According to union representatives and former AvtoVAZ staff, some found low-paid work as night watchmen or taxi drivers, some were eking out the modest payoffs they were given when they were let go, others are surviving on loans.

Denis Brazhnikov used to work at Avtovazagregat, the parts supplier, until he was laid off last summer. Since then he has been looking for work with no success. He has to support his two school-age daughters, and pay off a loan he took out in better times to pay for a car and a refurbishment of his apartment. "Now my personal savings have run out," said Brazhnikov. "Once I've made the payment on the loan, that's it, I have no money."

Yet the hardship does not diminish the high regard in which people in Togliatti hold Putin. That stands in sharp contrast to their disdain for the automaker's foreign managers. "The nationalistic, patriotic, imperial sentiments hold sway," said Pyotr Zolotaryov, the boss of Unity, an independent trade union at AvtoVAZ. "If you're talking about Putin, people support him. They don't pay attention to their own impoverished existence."

Nouvelles par Tags

2011 models2012 models3D printing458 italia6-series coupeA1A2abc motorsabu dhabiaccidentaccidentsaccordACIMacuraadvertisingafricaAIairbagairbagsairbusairportalcotestalfaalfa romeoalgeriaalibabaalpineamazonamphibiousandroidAnil Bachooappappleappointmentsappsapriliaarabiaargentinaarielarnold schwarzeneggerArtashok leylandasiaastonaston martinauctionaudiaudit reportaustraliaAustralian Grand Prixaustriaautoauto industryauto shanghaiauto showautonomous carautonomus carAutopilotautopont DecaenaventadorawardsAxessBagatellebahrain grand prixBAIBaie-du-TombeaubajajBalaclavaBambousBangkok International Motor ShowBangkok Motor ShowBangladeshbatmobilebatterybattlebeachbeachesBeau-BassinBeaux SongesBeaux-SongesbeetleBeijing Motor ShowBelgiumBell-Villagebentleybernie ecclestonebetamaxbetamax casebicyclebicyclesbikebikesbiodieselBlue-BaybmwboatboatsBogota Auto ShowBois-Marchand accidentBologna Motor ShowbondboschBPObrabusbrakesbrazilbribebribesbridgebridgestonebriobudgetbugattiBugatti ChironbuggybuickburnoutbusbusesbuyingbydcadillaccalebassescamaroCamp-ChapelonCanadacarcar buying tipscar dealerscar importcar marketcar rentcar rentalcar salescar servicecar sharingcar showcar theftcar washcarbon fiberCarPlaycarscartingcascavelleCaudanCCIDCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiesCentres De FitnessCESChamp de MarsChamp-de-MarsChengdu Motor ShowcherychevroletChevrolet CamaroChicago Auto ShowchinaCHINESE GRAND PRIXChris Evanschryslercitroencivicclassicclassic carclassic carsclassicscommercialcomparisonconceptconceptsconsumer reportsconvertiblecoromandelcorruptioncorvetteCourtCourtsCPBcr-vcrashcrash testcrash testscrossovercrowdfundingCubaCurepipecustom carCUVCWAcyclonedaciadaihatsudaimlerdakardartzdash camdashcamdatsunDelhi Auto ExpodeloreandesignDetroitDetroit Auto Showdéviations routièresdieseldiesel scandalDIYDLCdodgeDPPdragdrag battledrag racedrag racingdriftdriftingdriver licensedriverless cardrivingdriving licensedriving schooldriving schoolsdriving testdriving tipsdronedronesdrugsdrunk drivingdsDubaiDubai Motor ShowducatiearthquakeEbayebeneecoecologyeconomyelectricelon muskengen motor showengineenginesEOCethanoletios livaEUEuropeeveventsexpofacebookfakeFast And Furiousfaux permis de conduireFernando AlonsoferrariferryfiatfiestafilmsfinancesfinefinesfinlandFirefiskerfitness centerFlacqFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsflying carFond-du-SacFootballForbachForbach accidentforce indiafordFord mustangformula1forza motorsportFrancefrankfurtfrankfurt motor showfraudFSCfuelfuel economy scandalfuel pricefuel stationfuel stationsfunnyfutureGaikindo Indonesia International Auto ShowGaikindo Indonesia International Motor ShowgamesgeargeelygenesisGeneva Auto Showgeneva motor showGermanygirlsgmgodzillagolfgolf carGoodlandsgoodwoodgooglegoogle glassGoProgovernmentgpsgran turismogrand tourgrand-baieGrand-Bassingreat wallgreecegreengreen energygrnoGros-CaillouxGRSE accidentGTAGymkhanahackershakershamannharley-davidsonHatchbackhealthcarehellcatHennesseyherohistoryhitachiholdenHollandHollywoodhondahonda civichonda cr-vHonda HR-Vhonda jazzHong Konghorsepower falsifyinghospitalshot wheelshotelhotelshoverbikehoverboardhow toHuayrahummerhumorhurricaneHusqvarnahybridhydrogenhyundaiHyundai i20Hyundai KonaHyundai TucsonHyundai Velosteri3i40ICACiframacIIHSillegal racingillegal taxiillegal transportIMCimportindiaIndia Auto ExpoIndian MotorcycleIndian OilindicaIndonesiaIndonesia International Motor Showindonesia motor showinfinitiInfinityinfrastructureinsuranceintelinteriorinteriorsiPadiphoneiranirelandIRPisraelisuzuIsuzu D-maxitaliaItalyjaguarjamesjames bondJames Mayjapanjapaneese carsjapanese carjapanese carsJapanese Grand PrixjazzJDMjeepjeep wranglerJeremy ClarksonjettaJin Feijobskartkawasakikei carken blockKenyakhankiaKia CeedKia ForteKia StingerKoenigseggkoreaKoshik ReesaulKTMLALA Auto ShowLa MarieLa PrairieLa VigieLallmatielamborghiniLamborghini Uruslancialandland cruiserland roverLand Rover DefenderLarsen & ToubroLaventurelawsLe Morneleallegolewis hamiltonlexuslicenselight metrolimousineLionel Messilotuslow cost carLRTluxuryluxury carluxury carsM1m3macondemad maxMadagascarMahebourgmahindramaintenancemalaysiamanmansorymapsMare d’Albertmarketmarketingmartinmarutimaruti suzukiMaruti SwiftmaseratiMatt LeBlancMauritiansmauritiusmaybachmazdaMazda Mx-5mazda3McLarenmecedesmercedesmetroMetro Expressmexicomichael schumacherMicrosoftMidlandsminimitsubishiMitsubishi PajeroMitsubishi TritonmitsubushiMMMMokamonacomonaco grand prixMont-ChoisyMontagne-BlancheMontebello accidentmontereymoparMoroccomotomoto-écolemotormotor showMotor vehicle test centremotorcyclemotorcyclesmotorsportmotorsportsmotosportmoviesmpvMRAmugenmuscle carMusicmustangmv agustaMVDANADA Auto ShowNandanee SoornackNando Bodhananonascarnavigation systemnavigation systemsNavin RamgoolamNCGNDUNepalnetherlandsnew carnew york auto shownew zealandnfsNHTSANigerianissanissanNissan LeafNissan TerranorwayNouvelle-FranceNTANTCNurburgringoff-roadoffroadOlympic Gamesopelpaganipagani huayraPaillesPakistanPamplemoussespanasonicParisparis motor showparkingparliamentPebble Beachpenaltiespenalty pointsPereyberepermis de conduirePetit-RaffrayPetite-RivièrepetrolpeugeotPhilippinesPhoenixpickuppickupspininfarinapirelliPitonPlaine-LauzunplayboyPNQPointe-aux-SablespolandpolarispolicepoliticspollutionPomponettepontiacporscheporsheportPort LouisPort-LouisPoste-de-FlacqPPCPPPprankPravind JugnauthpricepricespriusproguardprotestsprotonPSApublic transportpublict transportQ3qorosQuartier-Militairequatre-bornesr8Raceracingrainrallyramrangerange roverratingsRDArecallrecallsrecordrecordsred bullreduitrenaultrenderingrent a carrepairreplicaReunionRezvaniRHTRiambelRichard DuvalRichard HammondRiche-TerrerickshawrimacRing RoadrioRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-Noireroadroad accidentroad rules & regulationsroad safetyRoad Traffic ActRoad Traffic Amendment Actroadsroads safetyrobberyrobotrobotsroche-boisRodriguesrolls-royceromeoRose-HillroverRoyal EinfieldRoyal EnfieldRRSRSUrumoursRussiasaabsafetysafety ratingssafety testsafety testsSaint-PierreSainte-Croixsalesamsungsamusao paulo auto showSao Paulo Motor Showsaudisaudi arabiascamscandalscaniaschool busschool vanscooterscootersseatsebastian vettelsecond hand carsecond hand carssecond hand cars importself driving carself-drivingself-driving carself-driving carsSEMASEMA showSeoul Motor Showservice stationsShanghaishanghai motor showshelbyShellshowsingaporeSingapore Grand PrixskodaSlovakiasmartsnakeSobrinho caseSohail Sesungkursolar energysorezesoreze accidentsoulsound systemssouthsouth africasouth koreaspainspare partsspeed camerasspeed limitspeedingsportSportscarspy shotsssang yongSsangYongSt-JeanSt-Julienstar warsstartupstatisticsSTCstreet racingstrikestudysubaruSudhir SesungkursudySunshine AutosupecarssupercarssuprcarssurveySUVsuzukiSuzuki IntruderSuzuki JimnySuzuki Swiftsuzuki vitaraSuzuki XbeeSwedenswiftSwitzerlandTATaiwantakatatamarintankTanzaniaTarisa Resorttatataxtax fraudtaxestaxiTBStechnlogytechnolgytechnologytenderTerre-RougeTerre-Rouge–Verdunteslatesla model stest driveteststhailandThailand International Motor ExpoThe Grand TourtheftThierry Henryticket pricetipstiresTMRSUtokyoTokyo Auto Salontokyo motor showtoptop geartotaltoyotaToyota Alphardtoyota corollaToyota HiluxToyota RAV4Toyota Rushtoyota supraToyota Tacomatoyota yaristoystoytatrafficTraffic BranchtrailertransformerstransporttrendsTrianontricksTriolettriumphTrou d’Eau DouceTrou-FanfarontrucktruckstsunamituningTurkeytvstyresUAEuberUBSukukraineunionsuomuralUSused carused car importused carsVacoasVacoas-Phoenixvanvarma caseVeer Luchoomunvehicle inspectionVehiclesvelostervenezuelaVerdunVictoria Bus StationVictoria stationvideoVienna Auto ShowvietnamVintagevintage carsVipervivo energyvolkswagenvolvovwwaymoWeatherwheelsWootonWorldyachtyamahayariszagato
Vendez Votre Auto