+ Publier publicitaire GRATUIT !
Stats d'annonce: Dernier 24h - 114, actuel - 1014, total - 110160

VW's Deep Political Ties in Germany Seen as a Key Asset

6 Octobre 2015 - Autoblog

VW's Deep Political Ties in Germany Seen as a Key Asset

At Volkswagen Group, political connections come already fitted. In part, it's due to Volkswagen's iconic role as a symbol of West Germany's economic revival after Nazi rule and the destruction of World War II.

Angela Merkel, who grew up under communism in East Germany, has said her first car after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 was a VW Golf.

Mostly it's about jobs: around a third of Volkswagen's almost 600,000 positions are in Germany, and that's not to mention the company's supply chain.

For Volkswagen, however, proximity to political power is enshrined in statute.

When Germany privatized the automaker in 1960, its home state of Lower Saxony kept a blocking minority and a supervisory board seat for the region's premier.

Future presidents, chancellors and cabinet ministers have cut their political teeth in the German state with VW at their side.

That nexus of political affinity and economic awareness ensures the scandal engulfing VW is too big a threat to national prosperity for the government to be a neutral observer.

"It'll be important for the German government to look at scenarios for the worst possible outcome," Stefan Bratzel, head of auto research at the University of Applied Sciences in Bergisch Gladbach, Germany, said in an interview.

Merkel's options could include helping the state of Lower Saxony increase its stake in VW or tax incentives to promote electric cars, he said.

Not France

Merkel is thus far trying to keep VW's scandal over cheating on diesel emissions at arm's length, simply demanding that the automaker come clean quickly. Her restraint signals a reluctance by chancellery officials to exercise direct influence on private companies, according to a person familiar with government policy making who asked not to be named.

In any case, the full scope of the scandal is still not clear, the person said.

"Of course German governments take business interests into account," Marcel Fratzscher, head of the Berlin-based DIW economic institute, said by phone. Still, "if you look at France, the ties between business and politics are much closer there than in Germany," he said.

With almost 35 percent wiped off VW's share value since the affair came to light, that's a luxury that might not be granted for long if the company's position deteriorates further.

Bratzel pointed to potential parallels with General Motors, the U.S. automaker bailed out by the government during the financial crisis.

While taking greater state control -- without violating European state-aid rules -- is an option for the government, VW is in better shape than GM, and "right now I don't see the risk that Volkswagen will hit serious financial difficulties," said Bratzel. Rather, the crisis may present the government with an opportunity to move forward "more aggressively" on electric cars, he said.

Watered down

Merkel has experience intervening when it comes to autos. In 2013, she watered down European pollution-control legislation aimed at reducing CO2 emissions from cars, an action for which she was lauded by the German auto-industry lobby, the VDA.

Justifying her decision to defend jobs, Merkel said at the time there was a need "to take care that, notwithstanding the need to make progress on environmental protection, we don't weaken our own industrial base."

Cars accounted for almost 20 percent of Germany's near $1.5 trillion in exports last year, or to put it in blunt political terms: one in seven jobs.

When it comes to Volkswagen, German chancellors don't intervene in company decisions. But the unique arrangement in Lower Saxony has spawned alumni in high places with an interest in the boardroom, including Merkel's Social Democratic predecessor, Gerhard Schroeder.

Schroeder, who sat on VW's supervisory board for eight years as state premier, was known as the "auto chancellor" when he led Germany from 1998 to 2005 because of his perceived closeness to the car industry.

Following him to Berlin after serving at his side in Lower Saxony was Frank-Walter Steinmeier, now in his second stint as Merkel's foreign minister.

Sigmar Gabriel, who succeeded Schroeder as state premier -- and VW board member -- is now vice chancellor and economy minister. He also heads the Social Democratic Party, Merkel's junior coalition partner.

Christian Wulff, a Christian Democrat like Merkel who succeeded Gabriel in the state capital Hanover, made it all the way to the German presidency, before resigning in 2012 amid a legal probe. He was subsequently exonerated.

Political lobbying

Another graduate of the Schroeder days is Thomas Steg, a former head of press for the SPD in Lower Saxony whom Schroeder summoned to Berlin. Steg went on to serve as deputy government spokesman through Merkel's first term before leaving to set up his own PR company. He is now VW's chief lobbyist.

(His counterpart at Daimler, Eckart von Klaeden, joined the Stuttgart-based luxury carmaker directly from the chancellery, where he was a senior aide to Merkel.)

Merkel rarely misses public displays of support for the auto industry at car shows and has gone the extra mile for VW during her decade in power.

She fought an EU challenge against Lower Saxony's 20 percent shareholding and other restrictions, popularly known as the Volkswagen Law in Germany, before her government passed amendments in 2008.

The state's role at the company remains in its bylaws, which guarantees two supervisory board seats. After a visit to Washington in 2010, she tacked on a cross-country flight to California to inaugurate the Volkswagen Automotive Innovation Lab at Stanford University.

"I think I don't need to explain to anyone that Volkswagen is an exceptionally innovative and good brand," she said at the ceremony.

Nouvelles par Tags

2011 models2012 models3-d printing3D printing458 italia6-series coupeA1A2ABC Automobileabc motorsabu dhabiaccidentaccidentsaccordACIMacuraAcura NSXadidasADSUadvertisingafricaagalegaAIair pollutionairbagairbagsairbusairportAlan GanooAlbionalcotestalfaalfa romeoalgeriaalibabaAllemangeAllied MotorsAlmaalpineAlpine A110Amauryamazonamendesamphibiousandroidandroid autoAnil BachooAnse-la-Raieappappleappointmentsappsapriliaarabiaargentinaarielarnold schwarzeneggerarsenalArtArvin Boolellashok leylandasiaastonaston martinAston Martin VantageAston Martin ZagatoauctionaudiAudi E-TronAudi Q3Audi Q4Audi Q7Audi Q8Audi R8Audi RS3Audi RS7auditaudit reportaustraliaAustralian Grand Prixaustriaautoauto industryauto shanghaiauto showauto-écoleautonomous carautonomus carAutopilotautopont de Decaenautopont Decaenautoroute M1aventadorawardsAxessBABagatellebahrain grand prixBAIBaiduBaie-du-CapBaie-du-TombeaubajabajajBajaj PulsarBalaclavaBambousBangkok International Motor ShowBangkok Motor ShowBangladeshBarklyBatimaraisbatmobilebatterybattlebeachbeachesBeau-BassinBeau-ChampBeau-VallonBeaux SongesBeaux-SongesbeetleBeijing Auto ShowBeijing Motor ShowBel-AirBel-Air-Rivière-SècheBel-EtangBel-Ombrebelgian grand prixBelgiumBell VillageBell-VillageBelle-MareBelle-RiveBelle-RoseBelvédèreBenellibentleyBentley BentaygaBentley Continentalbernie ecclestonebetamaxbetamax casebicyclebicyclesbikebikesbiodieselbitcoinBlackBerryBlue-BaybmwBMW 3 SeriesBMW 4 SeriesBMW 8 seriesBMW i4BMW i8BMW iXBMW ix3BMW M2BMW M3BMW M4bmw m5BMW R18BMW X2bmw x3BMW X4BMW X5BMW x6BMW x7BMW x8BMW z4boatboatsboeingBogota Auto ShowBois-MarchandBois-Marchand accidentBois-PignoletBois-RougeBologna Motor ShowBon-AccueilbondBonne-Terreboschboston dynamicsBPObrabusbrakesBramsthanbrazilbrexitbribebribesbribingbridgebridgestonebrioBrisée-VerdièreBritish Grand PrixBruniquel bridgebudgetbugattiBugatti ChironBugatti DivoBugatti La Voiture Noirebugatti veyronbuggybuickburnoutbusbusesbuyingbydcabriocadillaccalebassescamaroCamp ChapelonCamp-ChapelonCamp-de-MasqueCamp-DiableCamp-LevieuxCanadacanadian grand prixCandosCanotCap-Malheureuxcaporal Chooluncarcar buying tipscar dealercar dealerscar firecar importcar industrycar loancar marketCar Of The Yearcar rentcar rentalcar salecar salescar servicecar sharingcar showcar theftcar washcar washingCar Wrappingcarbon fibercarburantsCarlos GhosnCarPlaycarpoolingcarscartingcascavelleCaudanCaudan WaterfrontCCIDCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiescentre de fitnessCentres De Fitnesscertificat de fitnesscertificats de fitnessCESCFMotoChamarelChamp de MarsChamp-de-MarsChebelChemin-GrenierChengdu Motor ShowcherychevroletChevrolet CamaroChevrolet ColoradoChevrolet CorvetteChicago Auto ShowchinaCHINESE GRAND PRIXChris EvanschryslerCIDCité VallijeecitroenCitroen 2CVCitroen Berlingocitroen c3Citroen C4Citroen C5civicclassicclassic carclassic carsclassicsClémenciacode de la routecollectioncommercialcomparisoncompensationconceptconceptsConfinementCongomahConstanceconsumer reportsContract buscontract vancontraventionsconvertiblecoromandelCoronaviruscorruptioncorvetteCottagecour suprêmeCourtCourtscouvre-feuCOVID-19CPBcr-vcrashcrash testcrash testsCrève-CoeurCristiano Ronaldocroatiacrossovercrowdfundingcruise shipCubaCupraCurepipecurfewcustom bikecustom carcustomsCUVCWACyberciteCybertruckcycloneD’Epinaydaciadaihatsudaimlerdakardakar rallydartzDas Mootanahdash camdashcamdatsunDavid Beckhamde tomasodealersDecaendéconfinementdecongestion routiereDelhi Auto ExpodeloreandesignDetroitDetroit Auto Showdéviationdéviationsdéviations routièresdieseldiesel bandiesel scandaldieselgateDimple RaghooDIVADIYDLCdodgedodge demonDonald TrumpDPPdragdrag battledrag racedrag racingdriftdriftingdriver licensedriverless cardrivers licensedrivingdriving licensedriving schooldriving schoolsdriving testdriving tipsdronedronesdrug racedrugsdrunk drivingdsDubaiDubai Motor ShowducatiDucati ScramblerDysonearthquakeEbayebeneEbène Car ParkecoecologyeconomyÉcroignardEducationEgyptEICMAelecticelectionselectricelectric scooterelectriqueelon muskemissionsEmmanuel Macronengen motor showengineenginesEOCescroquerieethanoletios livaEUEuropeeveventsexamexamens de conduiteexamsexcès de vitesseexpofacebookfailfakefake driving licensefake policeFast & FuriousFast And FuriousFausse plaque d’immatriculationfaux coupons de parkingfaux permisfaux permis de conduirefbiFCAfeeder busfeeder busesfermetureFernando Alonsoferrariferrari 812ferrari f40Ferrari Portofinoferrari romaferryFHTAFIAfiatfiestafilmsfinancesfinefinesfinlandFireFirefightersfishersfishingfiskerfitness centerFitness certificateFlacqFlic en FlacFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsFlorealflying carflying taxiFond du SacFond-du-SacFootballForbachForbach accidentforce indiafordFord BroncoFord F-150ford fiestaford focusFord GTFord mustangFord Mustang Mach-EFord RangerFord Transitforest-sideformula Eformula1forza motorsportFrancefrankfurtfrankfurt motor showfraudFSCfuelfuel economy scandalfuel pricefuel pricesfuel stationfuel stationsfunnyfutureGaikindo Indonesia International Auto ShowGaikindo Indonesia International Motor Showgamesgare de Rose-HillGare du Nordgare VictoriagasgeargeelyGeneral Taxi Owner’s UniongenesisGeneva Auto Showgeneva motor showgerman grand prixGermanygirlsgmgmcgodzillagolfgolf carGoodlandsgoodwoodGoodwood Festival of Speedgooglegoogle glassgoogle mapsGoProgovernmentgpsgran turismogrand baiegrand tourgrand-baieGrand-BassinGrand-BoisGrand-GaubeGrande-RivièreGrande-Rivière-Nord-OuestGrande-Rivière-Sud-Estgreat wallgreecegreengreen energygrnoGros-BoisGros-CaillouxGRSE accidentGTAGymkhanahackershakershamannharley davidsonharley-davidsonHatchbackhavalhealthcarehellcatHennesseyHenriettaHermitageherohertzhighlandsHillcresthistoryhit and runhitachiholdenHollandHollywoodhondaHonda AccordHonda Africa TwinHonda BrioHonda Cityhonda civicHonda Civic type rhonda cr-vHonda Ehonda fitHonda Gold WingHonda HR-Vhonda jazzhonda monkeyHonda N-BoxHonda PassportHonda s2000Honda s660Honda VezelHong Konghong-konghorse racinghorsepower falsifyingHospitalhospitalshot rodhot wheelshotelhotelshoverbikehoverboardhow toHSCHuayrahummerHummer H1Hummer H2humorhungarian grand prixhurricaneHusqvarnahybridhydrogenhypercarhypercarshyundaiHyundai BayonHyundai CretaHyundai ElantraHyundai i20Hyundai i20 Nhyundai ioniqHyundai Ioniq 5Hyundai KonaHyundai NexoHyundai Santa Cruzhyundai Santa Fehyundai sonataHyundai TucsonHyundai VelosterHyundai Venuei3i40ICACiframacIIHSillegal fishingillegal racesillegal racingillegal rallyillegal taxiillegal transportIMCimportindiaIndia Auto ExpoIndian Motorcycleindian motorcyclesIndian OilindicaIndonesiaIndonesia International Motor Showindonesia motor showinfinitiInfinityinfotainmentinfrastructureinsuranceInsurance Industry Compensation FundintelinteriorinteriorsiPadiphoneiranirelandIRPisraelisuzuIsuzu D-maxIsuzu MU-Xitaliaitalian grand prixItalyjaguarJaguar Land Roverjamesjames bondJames MayJan Palach stationjapanjapaneese carsjapanese carjapanese carsJapanese Grand PrixJawaJayen ChellumjazzJDMjeepJeep CherokeeJeep CompassJeep GladiatorJeep Grand CherokeeJeep Grand WagoneerJeep Renegadejeep wranglerJeremy ClarksonjettaJin FeijobjobsJohn Deerejustin bieberkartkawasakiKawasaki NinjaKawasaki z900kei carken blockKenyakhankiaKia CeedKia EV6Kia ForteKia NiroKia Optimakia picantoKia SorentoKia SportageKia Stingerkia TellurideKoenigseggkoreaKoshik ReesaulKTMKTM 1290 Super Duke RRKTM DukeKTM RC 390KymcoL’AmitiéL’AventureL’EscalierLALA Auto ShowLa Brasseriela butteLa CaverneLa ChaumièreLa FloraLa GauletteLa MarieLa PrairieLa Tour KoenigLa VigieladaLallmatielamborghiniLamborghini AventadorLamborghini Countachlamborghini diablolamborghini gallardolamborghini huracanLamborghini SiánLamborghini UruslanciaLancia Stratoslandland cruiserland roverLand Rover DefenderLand Rover DiscoveryLarsen & ToubroLaventurelawlawslazarethLDALe HochetLe MornelealleasingLebanonLeevy Frivetlegolewis hamiltonlexusLexus ISLexus NXlicenselicense platelight metrolimousinelincolnlink roadLionel MessiLockdownlondonLos Angeles Auto Showlotuslow cost carLRTluxuryluxury carluxury carsM1m2m3macondemad maxMadagascarmaha shivaratreeMahebourgmahindramaintenancemalaysiamanManhartmansorymanual transmissionmanufacturingMapoumapsMarcelin HumbertMare d’AlbertMare-aux-VacoasMare-d’Albertmarketmarketingmartinmarutimaruti suzukiMaruti SwiftMaruti Wagon RmaseratiMatt LeBlancMauricioMauritiansmauritiusMauritius Trochetiamaybachmazdamazda 3Mazda 6Mazda BT-50Mazda CX-30Mazda MiataMazda Mx-30Mazda Mx-5Mazda RX-7mazda3McLarenMcLaren 720sMcLaren F1mecedesMedineMELmercedesMercedes AMGMercedes C-classMercedes E63Mercedes G-ClassMercedes G63Mercedes GLEMercedes S-ClassMercedes SprinterMercedes X-classMercedes-MaybachMESmetroMetro Expressmexican grand prixmexicoMGmichael schumachermichelinMicrosoftMidlandsminimini cooperminivanMission ImpossibleMITDmitsubishiMitsubishi DelicaMitsubishi EclipseMitsubishi EvolutionMitsubishi L200mitsubishi lancerMitsubishi MirageMitsubishi OutlanderMitsubishi PajeroMitsubishi TritonMitsubishi XpandermitsubushimitsuokaMMMmobylettesMokamonacomonaco grand prixMont-ChoisyMont-RochesMontagne-BlancheMontagne-LongueMontagne-OrymontebelloMontebello accidentMontée Smontereymoose testmoparMorcellement St AndrémorganMorneMoroccomotoMoto Guzzimoto theftmoto-écoleMotoClub Racing TeammotorMotor Racing Clubmotor showMotor Vehicle LicenceMotor vehicle test centremotorcyclemotorcyclesmotorsportmotorsportsmotosportmoviemoviesMPAmpvMRAMRCMTmugenMunich Motor Showmuscle carMusicmustangmv agustamv augustaMV TrochetiaMVDAMVLNADA Auto ShowNandanee SoornackNando BodhananonasanascarNational Coast Guardnavigationnavigation systemnavigation systemsNavin RamgoolamNCAPnceNCGNDUNepalnetherlandsnew carnew york auto shownew zealandnfsNHTSANigerianikolanissanissanNissan 370ZNissan 400Znissan altimaNissan AriyaNissan FrontierNissan GT-RNissan GT-R50Nissan JukeNissan KicksNissan LeafNissan Leaf NismoNissan MaximaNissan MicraNissan navaraNissan NoteNissan NV300Nissan PathfinderNissan PatrolNissan QashqaiNissan RogueNissan SentraNissan SkylineNissan TerraNissan TitanNissan X-trailNissan ZNissan Z ProtonorwayNouvelle-FranceNTANTCNTLANürburgringoff-roadoffroadoil spillOld Moka RoadOlympic GamesOnline Renewal of Motor Vehicle LicenceopelOpel Corsapaganipagani huayraPagani ZondaPaillesPaillotePakistanPalmarPamplemoussespanasonicpapamobileParisparis motor showparkingparliamentPebble Beachpenaltiespenaltypenalty pointsPereyberepermis de conduireperoduapetit raffrayPetit-RaffrayPetite-RivièrepetrolPetrol Retailers AssociationpeugeotPeugeot 2008peugeot 205peugeot 206Peugeot 208Peugeot 3008Peugeot 308Peugeot 5008peugeot 508PhilippinesPhoenixPhœnix.PiaggopickuppickupspininfarinapirelliPitonPlace D’ArmesPlace de l’ImmigrationPlaine MagnienPlaine VertePlaine-des-PapayesPlaine-des-RochesPlaine-LauzunPlaine-MagnienPlaine-VertePlaines-WilhemsplayboyPNQPointe d’EsnyPointe-aux-PimentsPointe-aux-SablespolandpolarispolcepolestarpolicePolice de l’EnvironnementpoliticspollutionpompiersPomponettepontPont ColvillePont-BlancPont-FerpontiacPope FrancispopemobilePor Louisporscheporsche 911Porsche BoxsterPorsche CayennePorsche MacanPorsche Taycanporsche vs mclarenporsheportPort LouisPort-LouisPoste de FlacqPoste-de-FlacqPoste-LafayettePoudre d’OrPoudre-d’Or-HamletPPCPPPprankPravind JugnauthpricepricespriusproguardprotestsprotonPSApublic transportpublict transportQ3qorosQuartier MilitaireQuartier-MilitaireQuatre Bornesquatre-bornesr8RaceracingrainrallyrallyeRallye Eiffelrallye illégalrallye motoRallyes illégauxramrama valaydenrangerange roverratingsRDArecallrecallsrecordrecordsred bullred bull car park driftRed CrossreduitregistrationrenaultRenault 5Renault CapturRenault ClioRenault KangooRenault Kwidrenault meganeRenault TwingoRenault TwizyrenderingRenewal of Motor Vehicle Licencerent a carrepairreplicaRésidence VallijeerestorationretroReunionRezvaniRHTRiambelRichard DuvalRichard HammondRiche TerreRiche-MareRiche-TerreRichelieurickshawrimacRimac C_TwoRing RoadrioRipaillesRivianRivière du RempartRiviere-des-AnguillesRivière-du-PosteRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-NoireRiyad Owarishroadroad accidentroad accidentsroad closedroad closureroad rules & regualtionsroad rules & regulationsroad safetyRoad TaxRoad Traffic (Amendment) BillRoad Traffic ActRoad Traffic Amendment ActRoad Traffic Amendment BillRoad Traffic Billroadsroads accidentsroads safetyrobberyrobotrobotsRoche Boisroche-boisRoche-TerreRoches-BrunesRoches-NoiresRodrigo DuterteRodriguesrolls-roycerolls-royce cullinanrolls-royce phantomromeorond-point de Beau-BassinRose BelleRose Hillrose-belleRose-HillRoshi BhadainroverRoyal EinfieldRoyal EnfieldRoyal Enfield Continental GTRoyal Enfield HimalayanRoyaume-UniRRSRSURuben RacingRue Jemmapesrue VandermeerschRuey Chien Tsai 112rumoursRussiaRussian Grand PrixrvsaabSafe Citysafetysafety ratingsafety ratingssafety testsafety testsSaint-Pierresainte croixSainte-Croixsalesamsungsamusao paulo auto showSao Paulo Motor Showsaudisaudi arabiaSCscamscandalscaniaschool busschool vanscooterscootersSea MasterseatSeat Leonsebastian vettelSebastopolsecond hand carsecond hand carssecond hand cars importsécurité routièreself driving carself-drivingself-driving carself-driving carsSEMASEMA showsemiconductorsSeoul Motor Showservice stationservice stationsShanghaishanghai motor showShehzad SooraballyshelbyShellshowshuttle bussingaporeSingapore Grand Prixsir GaëtanskodaSlovakiasmartSMFsnakeSobrinho caseSodnacsoftwareSohail Sesungkursolar energySolidarity GrantSolitudesonysorezesoreze accidentSouillacsoulsound systemssouthsouth africasouth koreaSpace XspaceXspainSpanish Grand Prixspare partsSpecial Editionspeed cameraspeed camerasspeed limitspeedboatspeedingsportsport carSportscarspy shotssri lankassang yongSsangYongSSCSSC TuatarassuSt-HubertSt-JeanSt-Jean roadSt-JulienSt-LouisSt-Paulst-pierreStanleystar warsstartupstation-servicestations-servicestatisticsSTCste croixSte-CroixStellantisstreet racingstrikeStudentsstudysubaruSubaru BRZSubaru ImprezaSudhir SesungkursudySunshine AutosupecarssupercarssuperyachtsuprcarssurfboardsurveySUVsuzukiSuzuki BurgmanSuzuki ErtigaSuzuki HayabusaSuzuki IgnisSuzuki IntruderSuzuki JimnySuzuki S-CrossSuzuki SwiftSuzuki Swift Sportsuzuki vitaraSuzuki Wagon RSuzuki XbeeSwedenswiftSwitzerlandTATaiwantakatatamarintankTanzaniaTarisa Resorttatatata motorstaxtax fraudtaxestaxiTBStechnlogytechnolgytechnologytenderTerre RougeTerre-RougeTerre-Rouge–VerdunteslaTesla Cybertrucktesla model 3tesla model stest drivetestsThai Motor ExpoThai Motor ShowthailandThailand International Motor ExpoThe Grand TourThe ValetheftThierry Henryticket pricetipstiresTMRSUtokyoTokyo Auto Salontokyo motor showTom Cruisetoptop geartotalTotal Mauritiustourismtourism authoritytoyotaToyota 86Toyota AlphardToyota AvalonToyota Aygotoyota C-HRtoyota camryToyota CenturyToyota CH-Rtoyota corollaToyota Corolla CrossToyota FortunerToyota GR 86Toyota GR YarisToyota HiaceToyota HighlanderToyota HiluxToyota Land CruiserToyota MiraiToyota PriusToyota ProAceToyota RAV4Toyota RushToyota Siennatoyota supraToyota TacomaToyota TJ CruiserToyota TundraToyota Venzatoyota yarisToyota Yaris CrosstoystoytatractortrafficTraffic Branchtraffic jamtrailerTranquebartransformersTransinvesttransporttransport policeTravaux routierstrendsTrianontricksTriolettriumphTriumph BonnevilleTriumph Bonneville BobberTrois-Boutiquestrou aux bichesTrou d’Eau DouceTrou-aux-BichesTrou-d'Eau-DouceTrou-d’Eau-DouceTrou-Fanfarontrucktruckstsunamitug of wartuningtuniningTurfTurkeytvsTyacktyresUAEuberUBIWUBSukukraineunionsUnited StatesuomUpper ValeuralUrban TerminalUSUSAused carused car importused carsvacanciesvaccinationVacoasVacoas-PhoenixvalettaVallée des PrêtresVallée-des-PrêtresVallee-PitotValtonvanvarma caseVeer Luchoomunvehicle inspectionVehiclesvelostervenezuelaVenusVerdunVictoria Bus StationVictoria stationVictoria Urban TerminalvideoVienna Auto ShowvietnamVillebagueVintagevintage carvintage carsVipervivo energyVivo Energy MauritiusVoiture électriqueVoitures électriquesvoitures reconditionnéesvolvolkswagenVolkswagen AmarokVolkswagen BeetleVolkswagen GolfVolkswagen ID.3Volkswagen ID.4Volkswagen MultivanVolkswagen PoloVolkswagen Tiguanvolvovwvw beetleVW Buggyvw golfVW ID.3VW JettaVW passatvw polovw t-crossWakashioWAPwaymoWeatherwheelsWolmarWootonWork Access PermitWorldXiaomiyachtyachtsyamahaYamaha MT-07yarisYogida SawmynadenzagatoZeekr