+ Publish Ad FREE !
Ads stats: last 24h - 56, actual - 1105, total - 103780

Air pollution may account for 1 in 7 new diabetes cases

7 July 2018 - Autoblog

Air pollution may account for 1 in 7 new diabetes cases

'We need to do better'

Air pollution could be responsible for 3.2 million new cases of type 2 diabetes every year globally, suggests a new analysis.

"We estimate that about 14 percent of diabetes in the world occurs because of higher levels of air pollution, that's one in seven cases," said senior study author Dr. Ziyad Al-Aly of Washington University and the VA Saint Louis Health Care System in Missouri.

"Risks exist at levels that are below what's now currently considered safe by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the United States and also by the World Health Organization," he told Reuters Health in a phone interview.

The tiniest form of particulate matter pollution, known as PM 2.5, is already associated with increased risk of heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, and other noncommunicable diseases "and contributed to about 4.2 million premature deaths in 2015," the study team writes in The Lancet Planetary Health.
PM 2.5 is the mix of solid fragments and liquid droplets suspended in air that's sometimes visible to human eyes as haze.

"There is emerging evidence over the past several years that particulates, when they are small enough, they make their way through the lungs to the blood vessels," Al-Aly said. "They go to the liver, they go to the pancreas, they go to the kidneys. These particles are noxious. They irritate tissue and they damage tissue, they create oxidative stress, they create inflammation."

Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity and aging and occurs when the pancreas can't make or process enough of the hormone insulin.

To look for a link between air pollution and type 2 diabetes, researchers analyzed data on 1.7 million U.S. veterans without diabetes, comparing PM 2.5 levels where they lived to their risk of being newly diagnosed with the disease during the next eight and a half years, on average. The researchers separated out the independent effect of air pollution by taking other diabetes risk factors, like obesity, into account.

Veterans' annual average daily PM 2.5 exposure ranged from 5 to 22.1 micrograms per cubic meter (mcg/m3) of air. A 10-point increase in PM 2.5 concentration was associated with a 15 percent higher risk of developing diabetes, and an 8 percent higher risk of death. Risk of diabetes started to rise when pollution levels exceeded 2.4 mcg/m3, well below the EPA's current standard of 12 mcg/m3 and the World Health Organization guideline of 10 mcg/m3.

Al-Aly and his colleagues then looked at worldwide PM 2.5 levels to estimate the total burden of diabetes due to air pollution. About 3.2 million new cases of diabetes, 8.2 million years of life lost to disability and more than 200,000 deaths annually were attributable to breathing dirty air, the authors calculated. Low-income and low-to-middle income countries bore the largest burden of air pollution-related diabetes.

While air in the U.S. is relatively clean compared to smog-choked parts of China, India and elsewhere, Al-Aly said, "we need to do better."

He called for moving to "energy sources that contribute much less to pollution, more electric cars, more hybrid cars, more solar power and wind sources of energy rather than coal. It's already happening, but probably not fast enough."

In an editorial, Dr. Gary O'Donovan of the Universidad de los Andes in Bogota, Colombia, and Dr. Carlos Cadena-Gaitan of the Universidad EAFIT in Medellin, call the findings "another call for action." They note that the current study did not adjust for physical activity, and that it's possible to cut air pollution while promoting exercise with programs like Bogota's Cyclovia, in which city roads are closed to motor vehicles on Sundays and holidays to make room for walkers and cyclists.

"More research is required to determine the independent associations of physical activity and air pollution with diabetes and other non-communicable diseases; nonetheless, there is more than enough evidence to justify the implementation of policies and interventions that might actually increase physical activity and decrease air pollution, such as Cyclovias, free sport and exercise facilities, bicycle sharing schemes, electric vehicles, low sulfur fuels, exhaust filters, and driving prohibition schemes," they write.

News By Tags

2011 models2012 models3D printing458 italia6-series coupeA1A2abc motorsabu dhabiaccidentaccidentsaccordACIMacuraadidasADSUadvertisingafricaagalegaAIair pollutionairbagairbagsairbusairportAlan GanooAlbionalcotestalfaalfa romeoalgeriaalibabaAllemangeAllied MotorsAlmaalpineAmauryamazonamendesamphibiousandroidAnil BachooAnse-la-Raieappappleappointmentsappsapriliaarabiaargentinaarielarnold schwarzeneggerarsenalArtashok leylandasiaastonaston martinAston Martin ZagatoauctionaudiAudi E-TronAudi Q3Audi Q8audit reportaustraliaAustralian Grand Prixaustriaautoauto industryauto shanghaiauto showauto-écoleautonomous carautonomus carAutopilotautopont de Decaenautopont Decaenautoroute M1aventadorawardsAxessBABagatellebahrain grand prixBAIBaie-du-TombeaubajabajajBalaclavaBambousBangkok International Motor ShowBangkok Motor ShowBangladeshBarklybatmobilebatterybattlebeachbeachesBeau-BassinBeau-ChampBeau-VallonBeaux SongesBeaux-SongesbeetleBeijing Auto ShowBeijing Motor ShowBel-AirBel-EtangBel-Ombrebelgian grand prixBelgiumBell VillageBell-VillageBelle-MareBenellibentleyBentley BentaygaBentley Continentalbernie ecclestonebetamaxbetamax casebicyclebicyclesbikebikesbiodieselBlackBerryBlue-BaybmwBMW 3 SeriesBMW 4 SeriesBMW 8 seriesBMW i8BMW ix3BMW M2BMW M3BMW M4bmw m5BMW X2bmw x3BMW X5BMW x6BMW x7BMW z4boatboatsboeingBogota Auto ShowBois-MarchandBois-Marchand accidentBois-PignoletBologna Motor ShowBon-Accueilbondboschboston dynamicsBPObrabusbrakesBramsthanbrazilbrexitbribebribesbridgebridgestonebrioBrisée-VerdièreBritish Grand PrixbudgetbugattiBugatti ChironBugatti La Voiture Noirebugatti veyronbuggybuickburnoutbusbusesbuyingbydcadillaccalebassescamaroCamp ChapelonCamp-ChapelonCamp-de-MasqueCamp-DiableCamp-LevieuxCanadacanadian grand prixCandosCanotCap-Malheureuxcaporal Chooluncarcar buying tipscar dealercar dealerscar firecar importcar industrycar loancar marketCar Of The Yearcar rentcar rentalcar salecar salescar servicecar sharingcar showcar theftcar washcarbon fibercarburantsCarlos GhosnCarPlaycarscartingcascavelleCaudanCCIDCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiescentre de fitnessCentres De Fitnesscertificat de fitnesscertificats de fitnessCESChamarelChamp de MarsChamp-de-MarsChebelChemin-GrenierChengdu Motor ShowcherychevroletChevrolet CamaroChevrolet CorvetteChicago Auto ShowchinaCHINESE GRAND PRIXChris EvanschryslerCité Vallijeecitroencivicclassicclassic carclassic carsclassicsClémenciacode de la routecollectioncommercialcomparisonconceptconceptsConfinementConstanceconsumer reportsContract buscontraventionsconvertiblecoromandelCoronaviruscorruptioncorvetteCottagecour suprêmeCourtCourtscouvre-feuCOVID-19CPBcr-vcrashcrash testcrash testsCristiano Ronaldocrossovercrowdfundingcruise shipCubaCupraCurepipecurfewcustom bikecustom carcustomsCUVCWACybertruckcyclonedaciadaihatsudaimlerdakardakar rallydartzdash camdashcamdatsunde tomasodealersdéconfinementdecongestion routiereDelhi Auto ExpodeloreandesignDetroitDetroit Auto Showdéviationdéviationsdéviations routièresdieseldiesel scandaldieselgateDIVADIYDLCdodgedodge demonDonald TrumpDPPdragdrag battledrag racedrag racingdriftdriftingdriver licensedriverless cardrivers licensedrivingdriving licensedriving schooldriving schoolsdriving testdriving tipsdronedronesdrug racedrugsdrunk drivingdsDubaiDubai Motor ShowducatiDysonD’EpinayearthquakeEbayebeneEbène Car ParkecoecologyeconomyEducationEICMAelecticelectionselectricelon muskemissionsEmmanuel Macronengen motor showengineenginesEOCescroquerieethanoletios livaEUEuropeeveventsexamens de conduiteexcès de vitesseexpofacebookfailfakefake policeFast And Furiousfaux coupons de parkingfaux permisfaux permis de conduireFCAfeeder busfeeder busesfermetureFernando Alonsoferrariferrari 812ferrari romaferryFIAfiatfiestafilmsfinancesfinefinesfinlandFireFirefightersfishingfiskerfitness centerFlacqFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsFlorealflying carflying taxiFond-du-SacFootballForbachForbach accidentforce indiafordFord BroncoFord F-150ford fiestaford focusFord mustangFord Mustang Mach-EFord Rangerforest-sideformula Eformula1forza motorsportFrancefrankfurtfrankfurt motor showfraudFSCfuelfuel economy scandalfuel pricefuel stationfuel stationsfunnyfutureGaikindo Indonesia International Auto ShowGaikindo Indonesia International Motor Showgamesgare de Rose-HillGare du Nordgare VictoriageargeelygenesisGeneva Auto Showgeneva motor showgerman grand prixGermanygirlsgmgodzillagolfgolf carGoodlandsgoodwoodGoodwood Festival of Speedgooglegoogle glassgoogle mapsGoProgovernmentgpsgran turismogrand tourgrand-baieGrand-BassinGrand-BoisGrand-GaubeGrande-RivièreGrande-Rivière-Nord-Ouestgreat wallgreecegreengreen energygrnoGros-BoisGros-CaillouxGRSE accidentGTAGymkhanahackershakershamannharley davidsonharley-davidsonHatchbackhealthcarehellcatHennesseyHenriettaHermitageherohertzhighlandshistoryhit and runhitachiholdenHollandHollywoodhondaHonda AccordHonda BrioHonda Cityhonda civicHonda Civic type rhonda cr-vHonda Ehonda fitHonda HR-Vhonda jazzhonda monkeyHonda s2000Honda VezelHong Konghorse racinghorsepower falsifyingHospitalhospitalshot rodhot wheelshotelhotelshoverbikehoverboardhow toHuayrahummerHummer H1Hummer H2humorhungarian grand prixhurricaneHusqvarnahybridhydrogenhypercarhyundaiHyundai CretaHyundai ElantraHyundai i20hyundai ioniqHyundai KonaHyundai Santa Cruzhyundai Santa Fehyundai sonataHyundai TucsonHyundai VelosterHyundai Venuei3i40ICACiframacIIHSillegal racesillegal racingillegal rallyillegal taxiillegal transportIMCimportindiaIndia Auto ExpoIndian Motorcycleindian motorcyclesIndian OilindicaIndonesiaIndonesia International Motor Showindonesia motor showinfinitiInfinityinfotainmentinfrastructureinsuranceintelinteriorinteriorsiPadiphoneiranirelandIRPisraelisuzuIsuzu D-maxIsuzu MU-Xitaliaitalian grand prixItalyjaguarJaguar Land Roverjamesjames bondJames MayJan Palach stationjapanjapaneese carsjapanese carjapanese carsJapanese Grand PrixJawajazzJDMjeepJeep CherokeeJeep GladiatorJeep Grand CherokeeJeep Renegadejeep wranglerJeremy ClarksonjettaJin FeijobjobsJohn DeerekartkawasakiKawasaki Ninjakei carken blockKenyakhankiaKia CeedKia ForteKia NiroKia OptimaKia SorentoKia SportageKia Stingerkia TellurideKoenigseggkoreaKoshik ReesaulKTMKTM DukeLALA Auto ShowLa Brasseriela butteLa ChaumièreLa FloraLa GauletteLa MarieLa PrairieLa Tour KoenigLa VigieladaLallmatielamborghiniLamborghini Aventadorlamborghini diablolamborghini gallardolamborghini huracanLamborghini SiánLamborghini UruslanciaLancia Stratoslandland cruiserland roverLand Rover DefenderLand Rover DiscoveryLarsen & ToubroLaventurelawlawslazarethLe HochetLe MornelealLebanonLeevy Frivetlegolewis hamiltonlexuslicenselicense platelight metrolimousinelincolnlink roadLionel MessiLockdownlondonLos Angeles Auto Showlotuslow cost carLRTluxuryluxury carluxury carsL’AventureL’EscalierM1m2m3macondemad maxMadagascarmaha shivaratreeMahebourgmahindramaintenancemalaysiamanmansorymanual transmissionmanufacturingMapoumapsMare d’AlbertMare-d’Albertmarketmarketingmartinmarutimaruti suzukiMaruti SwiftMaruti Wagon RmaseratiMatt LeBlancMauricioMauritiansmauritiusmaybachmazdamazda 3Mazda 6Mazda MiataMazda Mx-30Mazda Mx-5Mazda RX-7mazda3McLarenMcLaren 720smecedesMELmercedesMercedes AMGMercedes E63Mercedes G-ClassMercedes G63Mercedes GLEMercedes S-ClassMercedes X-classMercedes-MaybachMESmetroMetro Expressmexican grand prixmexicoMGmichael schumachermichelinMicrosoftMidlandsminimini cooperminivanMITDmitsubishiMitsubishi DelicaMitsubishi EclipseMitsubishi L200mitsubishi lancerMitsubishi MirageMitsubishi OutlanderMitsubishi PajeroMitsubishi TritonMitsubishi XpandermitsubushimitsuokaMMMMokamonacomonaco grand prixMont-ChoisyMont-RochesMontagne-BlancheMontagne-LongueMontagne-OrymontebelloMontebello accidentMontée Smontereymoose testmoparMorcellement St AndrémorganMorneMoroccomotoMoto Guzzimoto-écoleMotoClub Racing TeammotorMotor Racing Clubmotor showMotor Vehicle LicenceMotor vehicle test centremotorcyclemotorcyclesmotorsportmotorsportsmotosportmoviemoviesMPAmpvMRAMRCmugenmuscle carMusicmustangmv agustamv augustaMVDANADA Auto ShowNandanee SoornackNando BodhananonascarNational Coast Guardnavigationnavigation systemnavigation systemsNavin RamgoolamNCGNDUNepalnetherlandsnew carnew york auto shownew zealandnfsNHTSANigerianikolanissanissanNissan 370ZNissan 400Znissan altimaNissan AriyaNissan FrontierNissan GT-RNissan GT-R50Nissan JukeNissan KicksNissan LeafNissan Leaf NismoNissan MicraNissan navaraNissan NoteNissan PatrolNissan RogueNissan SentraNissan SkylineNissan TerraNissan TitanNissan X-trailNissan ZnorwayNouvelle-FranceNTANTCNTLANürburgringoff-roadoffroadOlympic GamesOnline Renewal of Motor Vehicle LicenceopelOpel Corsapaganipagani huayraPagani ZondaPaillesPakistanPalmarPamplemoussespanasonicpapamobileParisparis motor showparkingparliamentPebble Beachpenaltiespenalty pointsPereyberepermis de conduireperoduapetit raffrayPetit-RaffrayPetite-RivièrepetrolPetrol Retailers AssociationpeugeotPeugeot 2008Peugeot 208peugeot 508PhilippinesPhoenixPhœnixpickuppickupspininfarinapirelliPitonPlace de l’ImmigrationPlace D’ArmesPlaine MagnienPlaine-des-PapayesPlaine-des-RochesPlaine-LauzunPlaine-MagnienPlaine-VerteplayboyPNQPointe d’EsnyPointe-aux-PimentsPointe-aux-SablespolandpolarispolestarpolicepoliticspollutionpompiersPomponettepontPont ColvillePont-BlancPont-FerpontiacpopemobilePor Louisporscheporsche 911Porsche BoxsterPorsche CayennePorsche MacanPorsche TaycanporsheportPort LouisPort-LouisPoste-de-FlacqPoste-LafayettePoudre-d’Or-HamletPPCPPPprankPravind JugnauthpricepricespriusproguardprotestsprotonPSApublic transportpublict transportQ3qorosQuartier-MilitaireQuatre Bornesquatre-bornesr8Raceracingrainrallyrallyerallye illégalrallye motoramrangerange roverratingsRDArecallrecallsrecordrecordsred bullred bull car park driftreduitrenaultRenault ClioRenault Kwidrenault meganeRenault TwingorenderingRenewal of Motor Vehicle Licencerent a carrepairreplicaretroReunionRezvaniRHTRiambelRichard DuvalRichard HammondRiche TerreRiche-TerreRichelieurickshawrimacRimac C_TwoRing RoadrioRipaillesRiviere-des-AnguillesRivière-du-PosteRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-Noireroadroad accidentroad accidentsroad closedroad closureroad rules & regualtionsroad rules & regulationsroad safetyRoad TaxRoad Traffic (Amendment) BillRoad Traffic ActRoad Traffic Amendment ActRoad Traffic Amendment BillRoad Traffic Billroadsroads safetyrobberyrobotrobotsroche-boisRoche-TerreRodrigo DuterteRodriguesrolls-roycerolls-royce cullinanromeorond-point de Beau-BassinRose BelleRose Hillrose-belleRose-HillroverRoyal EinfieldRoyal EnfieldRoyal Enfield Continental GTRRSRSURuben RacingRue Jemmapesrue VandermeerschrumoursRussiaRussian Grand PrixrvsaabSafe Citysafetysafety ratingsafety ratingssafety testsafety testsSaint-PierreSainte-Croixsalesamsungsamusao paulo auto showSao Paulo Motor Showsaudisaudi arabiascamscandalscaniaschool busschool vanscooterscootersseatsebastian vettelSebastopolsecond hand carsecond hand carssecond hand cars importsécurité routièreself driving carself-drivingself-driving carself-driving carsSEMASEMA showSeoul Motor Showservice stationservice stationsShanghaishanghai motor showShehzad SooraballyshelbyShellshowsingaporeSingapore Grand PrixskodaSlovakiasmartSMFsnakeSobrinho caseSodnacsoftwareSohail Sesungkursolar energySolitudesonysorezesoreze accidentSouillacsoulsound systemssouthsouth africasouth koreaspaceXspainSpanish Grand Prixspare partsspeed cameraspeed camerasspeed limitspeedboatspeedingsportSportscarspy shotsssang yongSsangYongssuSt-JeanSt-Jean roadSt-JulienSt-LouisSt-Paulst-pierrestar warsstartupstation-servicestations-servicestatisticsSTCste croixSte-Croixstreet racingstrikestudysubaruSubaru BRZSubaru ImprezaSudhir SesungkursudySunshine AutosupecarssupercarssuperyachtsuprcarssurfboardsurveySUVsuzukiSuzuki BurgmanSuzuki ErtigaSuzuki HayabusaSuzuki IgnisSuzuki IntruderSuzuki JimnySuzuki S-CrossSuzuki Swiftsuzuki vitaraSuzuki Wagon RSuzuki XbeeSwedenswiftSwitzerlandTATaiwantakatatamarintankTanzaniaTarisa Resorttatatata motorstaxtax fraudtaxestaxiTBStechnlogytechnolgytechnologytenderTerre-RougeTerre-Rouge–Verdunteslatesla model 3tesla model stest drivetestsThai Motor ExpoThai Motor ShowthailandThailand International Motor ExpoThe Grand TourThe ValetheftThierry Henryticket pricetipstiresTMRSUtokyoTokyo Auto Salontokyo motor showtoptop geartotaltourismtourism authoritytoyotaToyota 86Toyota AlphardToyota AvalonToyota Aygotoyota C-HRtoyota camryToyota CenturyToyota CH-Rtoyota corollaToyota FortunerToyota HiaceToyota HighlanderToyota HiluxToyota Land CruiserToyota PriusToyota RAV4Toyota RushToyota Siennatoyota supraToyota TacomaToyota TJ CruiserToyota TundraToyota Venzatoyota yaristoystoytatractortrafficTraffic BranchtrailerTranquebartransformersTransinvesttransporttransport policeTravaux routierstrendsTrianontricksTriolettriumphTrois-BoutiquesTrou d’Eau DouceTrou-aux-BichesTrou-d'Eau-DouceTrou-d’Eau-DouceTrou-Fanfarontrucktruckstsunamitug of wartuningtuniningTurfTurkeytvsTyacktyresUAEuberUBIWUBSukukraineunionsUnited StatesuomuralUrban TerminalUSUSAused carused car importused carsVacoasVacoas-PhoenixvalettaVallée-des-PrêtresVallee-PitotValtonvanvarma caseVeer Luchoomunvehicle inspectionVehiclesvelostervenezuelaVerdunVictoria Bus StationVictoria stationVictoria Urban TerminalvideoVienna Auto ShowvietnamVintagevintage carvintage carsVipervivo energyvoitures reconditionnéesvolvolkswagenVolkswagen Golfvolvovwvw beetleVW Buggyvw golfVW ID.3VW JettaVW passatvw polovw t-crossWakashiowaymoWeatherwheelsWolmarWootonWork Access PermitWorldyachtyachtsyamahayariszagato
Sell Your Car