+ Publish Ad FREE !
Ads stats: last 24h - 46, actual - 1032, total - 110118

Inside the world of the Indian car market

11 February 2020 - autocar

Inside the world of the Indian car market

Car makers are scrambling to gain a foothold in the Indian car market, which is poised to enjoy huge growth – but strategies differ wildly and not everyone can be a winner

Get it right in India, and the prizes are massive. The country is the second most populous on earth with the world's fifth largest car market that is tipped to return to growth soon despite recent drops that have taken it back below the three-million-unit barrier.

Yet despite the vast population, car ownership remains very low, two thirds less per 1000 people than in China. By 2050, India will the world's most populous nation and is also expected to have the lowest average age of 25 and with a growing middle class that will run into many hundreds of millions.

Put all these factors together, and it's no wonder car manufacturers are scrambling to position themselves to take advantage of the growth potential. European brands in particular are now increasingly eyeing India, none more so than the Volkswagen Group where its operations are led by Skoda.

Intriguingly, Skoda is seen as a more premium brand than its parent Volkswagen. When Skoda launched in India, it did so with the Octavia in 2001. That was seen as a premium car, whereas VW was selling smaller, cheaper machines, and the reputations have stuck since.

The Octavia also misled Skoda and the wider VW Group as to the way to profitability in the Indian market. By the time it went on sale, it had already paid back its development costs since its launch in 1996 through sales elsewhere. Everything in India was effectively pure profit, and Skoda made plenty with the Octavia right through to the end of the decade.

But it couldn't replicate that with other models that are much newer, such as the Fabia. 'Decontenting' the car for sale in India in a normal lifecycle still made it too expensive next to models developed and built in India from the ground up, and the profits went away.

The VW Group's plan includes a new development centre in Pune, home to 200 engineers who have rebuilt the MQB A0 platform used in Europe on small cars like the VW Polo, Seat Ibiza and Skoda Kamiq to Indian specifications using 90%-plus locally sourced parts. It will be used to underpin four locally-built models: a production version of the Skoda Vision IN concept, the VW Taigun, and two small saloons, one from each brand.

Those models will be sold by an expanded dealer network that will more than double in size, and will be backed by schemes such as a six-year warranty and cheaper parts and servicing costs. All this adds up to a €1 billion investment.

The target is then 100,000 sales per year by 2025 for Skoda before a long-term goal of a 5% market share of a market that the most optimistic estimates believe could grow to six million units by 2030 and be the world's third largest market, giving some 300,000 sales per year for Skoda. That's huge, ambitious growth from its position of around 15,000 units per year now, and there is no case study of any European car maker cracking the Indian market.

Unsurprisingly, the VW Group isn't the only one to sense the potential. Hyundai has been the star performer of the Indian market in recent years, its Creta SUV doing in India what the Nissan Qashqai did in Europe. Now its sister brand Kia looks set to perform even better: since its launch in the middle of last year with the Seltos SUV, it has already become India's fourth-biggest brand for sales and has an aspiration for a 10% market share.

Clearly, with all these growth aspirations, something will have to give, and that could be from long-term market leader Maruti Suzuki. It has for a long time dominated the Indian market, with just under 50% market share. It has been in the market a long time, and been able to take advantage of favourable tax rules that favour locally-built cars under four metres in length.

Yet upcoming BS6 emissions regulations in April (similar to EU6 in their severity, and expedited from the current EU4 regulations to try and improve the appalling air quality in Indian cities such as New Delhi) will see Maruti Suzuki drop all diesel engines from its range, a bold move given diesel's popularity even if its share is shrinking to a quarter of the total market size.

It's these more globally-aligned emissions rules, as well as a growing awareness of road safety in a country where road deaths run into the hundreds of thousands each year, that global car makers feel count in their favour, as cars will need fewer changes than before to be sold in the Indian market.

One thing will count for Maruti Suzuki's is its huge size. It has a vast dealer network, which is a huge advantage in a country with some 780 different languages and 86 different scripts. Lots of little local successes can grow into a huge one nationally.

Global trends are also mirrored in India. The popularity of SUVs is rising, and the rollout of electric cars is in the early stages. Infrastructure for them though will be an even greater challenge than Europe, and India does not have the wealth or central political power of China to simply decree that electric cars can and will happen, and rollout the infrastructure to support them.

Chinese car makers are also eyeing success in India. Most intriguing is Great Wall, the maker of the Haval range of SUVs that are China's best sellers. An Indian launch will happen in 2021. State-owned SAIC also began the rollout of its model range of different brands but all under the MG name last year, and in four months on sale it outsold Skoda's entire 2019 output.

Who will win, then? If the market grows as fast as some expect, perhaps everyone. The view in India is that the VW Group's plan is ambitious – an eightfold increase in sales in just five years – and that the historical success, or rather lack of, European brands counts against it. The rapid rise of Hyundai and Kia perhaps speaks for itself in its ability to launch the right cars at the right time at the right price, similar to how it took advantage of the UK's scrappage scheme a decade ago to enter the mainstream here.

Yet watch the Chinese brands closest of all. Most Chinese car makers haven't ventured too far outside their borders yet, but exports have always been high on the priority list. The proximity of the Indian market, plus its similar alignment and requirements to China, make success of the Chinese car makers in India more likely than most.

News By Tags

2011 models2012 models3-d printing3D printing458 italia6-series coupeA1A2ABC Automobileabc motorsabu dhabiaccidentaccidentsaccordACIMacuraAcura NSXadidasADSUadvertisingafricaagalegaAIair pollutionairbagairbagsairbusairportAlan GanooAlbionalcotestalfaalfa romeoalgeriaalibabaAllemangeAllied MotorsAlmaalpineAlpine A110Amauryamazonamendesamphibiousandroidandroid autoAnil BachooAnse-la-Raieappappleappointmentsappsapriliaarabiaargentinaarielarnold schwarzeneggerarsenalArtArvin Boolellashok leylandasiaastonaston martinAston Martin VantageAston Martin ZagatoauctionaudiAudi E-TronAudi Q3Audi Q4Audi Q7Audi Q8Audi R8Audi RS3Audi RS7auditaudit reportaustraliaAustralian Grand Prixaustriaautoauto industryauto shanghaiauto showauto-écoleautonomous carautonomus carAutopilotautopont de Decaenautopont Decaenautoroute M1aventadorawardsAxessBABagatellebahrain grand prixBAIBaiduBaie-du-CapBaie-du-TombeaubajabajajBajaj PulsarBalaclavaBambousBangkok International Motor ShowBangkok Motor ShowBangladeshBarklyBatimaraisbatmobilebatterybattlebeachbeachesBeau-BassinBeau-ChampBeau-VallonBeaux SongesBeaux-SongesbeetleBeijing Auto ShowBeijing Motor ShowBel-AirBel-Air-Rivière-SècheBel-EtangBel-Ombrebelgian grand prixBelgiumBell VillageBell-VillageBelle-MareBelle-RiveBelle-RoseBelvédèreBenellibentleyBentley BentaygaBentley Continentalbernie ecclestonebetamaxbetamax casebicyclebicyclesbikebikesbiodieselbitcoinBlackBerryBlue-BaybmwBMW 3 SeriesBMW 4 SeriesBMW 8 seriesBMW i4BMW i8BMW iXBMW ix3BMW M2BMW M3BMW M4bmw m5BMW R18BMW X2bmw x3BMW X4BMW X5BMW x6BMW x7BMW x8BMW z4boatboatsboeingBogota Auto ShowBois-MarchandBois-Marchand accidentBois-PignoletBois-RougeBologna Motor ShowBon-AccueilbondBonne-Terreboschboston dynamicsBPObrabusbrakesBramsthanbrazilbrexitbribebribesbribingbridgebridgestonebrioBrisée-VerdièreBritish Grand PrixBruniquel bridgebudgetbugattiBugatti ChironBugatti DivoBugatti La Voiture Noirebugatti veyronbuggybuickburnoutbusbusesbuyingbydcabriocadillaccalebassescamaroCamp ChapelonCamp-ChapelonCamp-de-MasqueCamp-DiableCamp-LevieuxCanadacanadian grand prixCandosCanotCap-Malheureuxcaporal Chooluncarcar buying tipscar dealercar dealerscar firecar importcar industrycar loancar marketCar Of The Yearcar rentcar rentalcar salecar salescar servicecar sharingcar showcar theftcar washcar washingCar Wrappingcarbon fibercarburantsCarlos GhosnCarPlaycarpoolingcarscartingcascavelleCaudanCaudan WaterfrontCCIDCCTVCEBcelebretiescelebritiescentre de fitnessCentres De Fitnesscertificat de fitnesscertificats de fitnessCESCFMotoChamarelChamp de MarsChamp-de-MarsChebelChemin-GrenierChengdu Motor ShowcherychevroletChevrolet CamaroChevrolet ColoradoChevrolet CorvetteChicago Auto ShowchinaCHINESE GRAND PRIXChris EvanschryslerCIDCité VallijeecitroenCitroen 2CVCitroen Berlingocitroen c3Citroen C4Citroen C5civicclassicclassic carclassic carsclassicsClémenciacode de la routecollectioncommercialcomparisoncompensationconceptconceptsConfinementCongomahConstanceconsumer reportsContract buscontract vancontraventionsconvertiblecoromandelCoronaviruscorruptioncorvetteCottagecour suprêmeCourtCourtscouvre-feuCOVID-19CPBcr-vcrashcrash testcrash testsCrève-CoeurCristiano Ronaldocroatiacrossovercrowdfundingcruise shipCubaCupraCurepipecurfewcustom bikecustom carcustomsCUVCWACyberciteCybertruckcycloneD’Epinaydaciadaihatsudaimlerdakardakar rallydartzDas Mootanahdash camdashcamdatsunDavid Beckhamde tomasodealersDecaendéconfinementdecongestion routiereDelhi Auto ExpodeloreandesignDetroitDetroit Auto Showdéviationdéviationsdéviations routièresdieseldiesel bandiesel scandaldieselgateDimple RaghooDIVADIYDLCdodgedodge demonDonald TrumpDPPdragdrag battledrag racedrag racingdriftdriftingdriver licensedriverless cardrivers licensedrivingdriving licensedriving schooldriving schoolsdriving testdriving tipsdronedronesdrug racedrugsdrunk drivingdsDubaiDubai Motor ShowducatiDucati ScramblerDysonearthquakeEbayebeneEbène Car ParkecoecologyeconomyÉcroignardEducationEgyptEICMAelecticelectionselectricelectric scooterelectriqueelon muskemissionsEmmanuel Macronengen motor showengineenginesEOCescroquerieethanoletios livaEUEuropeeveventsexamexamens de conduiteexamsexcès de vitesseexpofacebookfailfakefake driving licensefake policeFast & FuriousFast And FuriousFausse plaque d’immatriculationfaux coupons de parkingfaux permisfaux permis de conduirefbiFCAfeeder busfeeder busesfermetureFernando Alonsoferrariferrari 812ferrari f40Ferrari Portofinoferrari romaferryFHTAFIAfiatfiestafilmsfinancesfinefinesfinlandFireFirefightersfishersfishingfiskerfitness centerFitness certificateFlacqFlic en FlacFlic-en-FlacfloodFloodsFlorealflying carflying taxiFond du SacFond-du-SacFootballForbachForbach accidentforce indiafordFord BroncoFord F-150ford fiestaford focusFord GTFord mustangFord Mustang Mach-EFord RangerFord Transitforest-sideformula Eformula1forza motorsportFrancefrankfurtfrankfurt motor showfraudFSCfuelfuel economy scandalfuel pricefuel pricesfuel stationfuel stationsfunnyfutureGaikindo Indonesia International Auto ShowGaikindo Indonesia International Motor Showgamesgare de Rose-HillGare du Nordgare VictoriagasgeargeelyGeneral Taxi Owner’s UniongenesisGeneva Auto Showgeneva motor showgerman grand prixGermanygirlsgmgmcgodzillagolfgolf carGoodlandsgoodwoodGoodwood Festival of Speedgooglegoogle glassgoogle mapsGoProgovernmentgpsgran turismogrand baiegrand tourgrand-baieGrand-BassinGrand-BoisGrand-GaubeGrande-RivièreGrande-Rivière-Nord-OuestGrande-Rivière-Sud-Estgreat wallgreecegreengreen energygrnoGros-BoisGros-CaillouxGRSE accidentGTAGymkhanahackershakershamannharley davidsonharley-davidsonHatchbackhavalhealthcarehellcatHennesseyHenriettaHermitageherohertzhighlandsHillcresthistoryhit and runhitachiholdenHollandHollywoodhondaHonda AccordHonda Africa TwinHonda BrioHonda Cityhonda civicHonda Civic type rhonda cr-vHonda Ehonda fitHonda Gold WingHonda HR-Vhonda jazzhonda monkeyHonda N-BoxHonda PassportHonda s2000Honda s660Honda VezelHong Konghong-konghorse racinghorsepower falsifyingHospitalhospitalshot rodhot wheelshotelhotelshoverbikehoverboardhow toHSCHuayrahummerHummer H1Hummer H2humorhungarian grand prixhurricaneHusqvarnahybridhydrogenhypercarhypercarshyundaiHyundai BayonHyundai CretaHyundai ElantraHyundai i20Hyundai i20 Nhyundai ioniqHyundai Ioniq 5Hyundai KonaHyundai NexoHyundai Santa Cruzhyundai Santa Fehyundai sonataHyundai TucsonHyundai VelosterHyundai Venuei3i40ICACiframacIIHSillegal fishingillegal racesillegal racingillegal rallyillegal taxiillegal transportIMCimportindiaIndia Auto ExpoIndian Motorcycleindian motorcyclesIndian OilindicaIndonesiaIndonesia International Motor Showindonesia motor showinfinitiInfinityinfotainmentinfrastructureinsuranceInsurance Industry Compensation FundintelinteriorinteriorsiPadiphoneiranirelandIRPisraelisuzuIsuzu D-maxIsuzu MU-Xitaliaitalian grand prixItalyjaguarJaguar Land Roverjamesjames bondJames MayJan Palach stationjapanjapaneese carsjapanese carjapanese carsJapanese Grand PrixJawaJayen ChellumjazzJDMjeepJeep CherokeeJeep CompassJeep GladiatorJeep Grand CherokeeJeep Grand WagoneerJeep Renegadejeep wranglerJeremy ClarksonjettaJin FeijobjobsJohn Deerejustin bieberkartkawasakiKawasaki NinjaKawasaki z900kei carken blockKenyakhankiaKia CeedKia EV6Kia ForteKia NiroKia Optimakia picantoKia SorentoKia SportageKia Stingerkia TellurideKoenigseggkoreaKoshik ReesaulKTMKTM 1290 Super Duke RRKTM DukeKTM RC 390KymcoL’AmitiéL’AventureL’EscalierLALA Auto ShowLa Brasseriela butteLa CaverneLa ChaumièreLa FloraLa GauletteLa MarieLa PrairieLa Tour KoenigLa VigieladaLallmatielamborghiniLamborghini AventadorLamborghini Countachlamborghini diablolamborghini gallardolamborghini huracanLamborghini SiánLamborghini UruslanciaLancia Stratoslandland cruiserland roverLand Rover DefenderLand Rover DiscoveryLarsen & ToubroLaventurelawlawslazarethLDALe HochetLe MornelealleasingLebanonLeevy Frivetlegolewis hamiltonlexusLexus ISLexus NXlicenselicense platelight metrolimousinelincolnlink roadLionel MessiLockdownlondonLos Angeles Auto Showlotuslow cost carLRTluxuryluxury carluxury carsM1m2m3macondemad maxMadagascarmaha shivaratreeMahebourgmahindramaintenancemalaysiamanManhartmansorymanual transmissionmanufacturingMapoumapsMarcelin HumbertMare d’AlbertMare-aux-VacoasMare-d’Albertmarketmarketingmartinmarutimaruti suzukiMaruti SwiftMaruti Wagon RmaseratiMatt LeBlancMauricioMauritiansmauritiusMauritius Trochetiamaybachmazdamazda 3Mazda 6Mazda BT-50Mazda CX-30Mazda MiataMazda Mx-30Mazda Mx-5Mazda RX-7mazda3McLarenMcLaren 720sMcLaren F1mecedesMedineMELmercedesMercedes AMGMercedes C-classMercedes E63Mercedes G-ClassMercedes G63Mercedes GLEMercedes S-ClassMercedes SprinterMercedes X-classMercedes-MaybachMESmetroMetro Expressmexican grand prixmexicoMGmichael schumachermichelinMicrosoftMidlandsminimini cooperminivanMission ImpossibleMITDmitsubishiMitsubishi DelicaMitsubishi EclipseMitsubishi EvolutionMitsubishi L200mitsubishi lancerMitsubishi MirageMitsubishi OutlanderMitsubishi PajeroMitsubishi TritonMitsubishi XpandermitsubushimitsuokaMMMmobylettesMokamonacomonaco grand prixMont-ChoisyMont-RochesMontagne-BlancheMontagne-LongueMontagne-OrymontebelloMontebello accidentMontée Smontereymoose testmoparMorcellement St AndrémorganMorneMoroccomotoMoto Guzzimoto theftmoto-écoleMotoClub Racing TeammotorMotor Racing Clubmotor showMotor Vehicle LicenceMotor vehicle test centremotorcyclemotorcyclesmotorsportmotorsportsmotosportmoviemoviesMPAmpvMRAMRCMTmugenMunich Motor Showmuscle carMusicmustangmv agustamv augustaMV TrochetiaMVDAMVLNADA Auto ShowNandanee SoornackNando BodhananonasanascarNational Coast Guardnavigationnavigation systemnavigation systemsNavin RamgoolamNCAPnceNCGNDUNepalnetherlandsnew carnew york auto shownew zealandnfsNHTSANigerianikolanissanissanNissan 370ZNissan 400Znissan altimaNissan AriyaNissan FrontierNissan GT-RNissan GT-R50Nissan JukeNissan KicksNissan LeafNissan Leaf NismoNissan MaximaNissan MicraNissan navaraNissan NoteNissan NV300Nissan PathfinderNissan PatrolNissan QashqaiNissan RogueNissan SentraNissan SkylineNissan TerraNissan TitanNissan X-trailNissan ZNissan Z ProtonorwayNouvelle-FranceNTANTCNTLANürburgringoff-roadoffroadoil spillOld Moka RoadOlympic GamesOnline Renewal of Motor Vehicle LicenceopelOpel Corsapaganipagani huayraPagani ZondaPaillesPaillotePakistanPalmarPamplemoussespanasonicpapamobileParisparis motor showparkingparliamentPebble Beachpenaltiespenaltypenalty pointsPereyberepermis de conduireperoduapetit raffrayPetit-RaffrayPetite-RivièrepetrolPetrol Retailers AssociationpeugeotPeugeot 2008peugeot 205peugeot 206Peugeot 208Peugeot 3008Peugeot 308Peugeot 5008peugeot 508PhilippinesPhoenixPhœnix.PiaggopickuppickupspininfarinapirelliPitonPlace D’ArmesPlace de l’ImmigrationPlaine MagnienPlaine VertePlaine-des-PapayesPlaine-des-RochesPlaine-LauzunPlaine-MagnienPlaine-VertePlaines-WilhemsplayboyPNQPointe d’EsnyPointe-aux-PimentsPointe-aux-SablespolandpolarispolcepolestarpolicePolice de l’EnvironnementpoliticspollutionpompiersPomponettepontPont ColvillePont-BlancPont-FerpontiacPope FrancispopemobilePor Louisporscheporsche 911Porsche BoxsterPorsche CayennePorsche MacanPorsche Taycanporsche vs mclarenporsheportPort LouisPort-LouisPoste de FlacqPoste-de-FlacqPoste-LafayettePoudre d’OrPoudre-d’Or-HamletPPCPPPprankPravind JugnauthpricepricespriusproguardprotestsprotonPSApublic transportpublict transportQ3qorosQuartier MilitaireQuartier-MilitaireQuatre Bornesquatre-bornesr8RaceracingrainrallyrallyeRallye Eiffelrallye illégalrallye motoRallyes illégauxramrama valaydenrangerange roverratingsRDArecallrecallsrecordrecordsred bullred bull car park driftRed CrossreduitregistrationrenaultRenault 5Renault CapturRenault ClioRenault KangooRenault Kwidrenault meganeRenault TwingoRenault TwizyrenderingRenewal of Motor Vehicle Licencerent a carrepairreplicaRésidence VallijeerestorationretroReunionRezvaniRHTRiambelRichard DuvalRichard HammondRiche TerreRiche-MareRiche-TerreRichelieurickshawrimacRimac C_TwoRing RoadrioRipaillesRivianRivière du RempartRiviere-des-AnguillesRivière-du-PosteRiviere-du-RempartRiviere-NoireRiyad Owarishroadroad accidentroad accidentsroad closedroad closureroad rules & regualtionsroad rules & regulationsroad safetyRoad TaxRoad Traffic (Amendment) BillRoad Traffic ActRoad Traffic Amendment ActRoad Traffic Amendment BillRoad Traffic Billroadsroads accidentsroads safetyrobberyrobotrobotsRoche Boisroche-boisRoche-TerreRoches-BrunesRoches-NoiresRodrigo DuterteRodriguesrolls-roycerolls-royce cullinanrolls-royce phantomromeorond-point de Beau-BassinRose BelleRose Hillrose-belleRose-HillRoshi BhadainroverRoyal EinfieldRoyal EnfieldRoyal Enfield Continental GTRoyal Enfield HimalayanRoyaume-UniRRSRSURuben RacingRue Jemmapesrue VandermeerschRuey Chien Tsai 112rumoursRussiaRussian Grand PrixrvsaabSafe Citysafetysafety ratingsafety ratingssafety testsafety testsSaint-Pierresainte croixSainte-Croixsalesamsungsamusao paulo auto showSao Paulo Motor Showsaudisaudi arabiaSCscamscandalscaniaschool busschool vanscooterscootersSea MasterseatSeat Leonsebastian vettelSebastopolsecond hand carsecond hand carssecond hand cars importsécurité routièreself driving carself-drivingself-driving carself-driving carsSEMASEMA showsemiconductorsSeoul Motor Showservice stationservice stationsShanghaishanghai motor showShehzad SooraballyshelbyShellshowshuttle bussingaporeSingapore Grand Prixsir GaëtanskodaSlovakiasmartSMFsnakeSobrinho caseSodnacsoftwareSohail Sesungkursolar energySolidarity GrantSolitudesonysorezesoreze accidentSouillacsoulsound systemssouthsouth africasouth koreaSpace XspaceXspainSpanish Grand Prixspare partsSpecial Editionspeed cameraspeed camerasspeed limitspeedboatspeedingsportsport carSportscarspy shotssri lankassang yongSsangYongSSCSSC TuatarassuSt-HubertSt-JeanSt-Jean roadSt-JulienSt-LouisSt-Paulst-pierreStanleystar warsstartupstation-servicestations-servicestatisticsSTCste croixSte-CroixStellantisstreet racingstrikeStudentsstudysubaruSubaru BRZSubaru ImprezaSudhir SesungkursudySunshine AutosupecarssupercarssuperyachtsuprcarssurfboardsurveySUVsuzukiSuzuki BurgmanSuzuki ErtigaSuzuki HayabusaSuzuki IgnisSuzuki IntruderSuzuki JimnySuzuki S-CrossSuzuki SwiftSuzuki Swift Sportsuzuki vitaraSuzuki Wagon RSuzuki XbeeSwedenswiftSwitzerlandTATaiwantakatatamarintankTanzaniaTarisa Resorttatatata motorstaxtax fraudtaxestaxiTBStechnlogytechnolgytechnologytenderTerre RougeTerre-RougeTerre-Rouge–VerdunteslaTesla Cybertrucktesla model 3tesla model stest drivetestsThai Motor ExpoThai Motor ShowthailandThailand International Motor ExpoThe Grand TourThe ValetheftThierry Henryticket pricetipstiresTMRSUtokyoTokyo Auto Salontokyo motor showTom Cruisetoptop geartotalTotal Mauritiustourismtourism authoritytoyotaToyota 86Toyota AlphardToyota AvalonToyota Aygotoyota C-HRtoyota camryToyota CenturyToyota CH-Rtoyota corollaToyota Corolla CrossToyota FortunerToyota GR 86Toyota GR YarisToyota HiaceToyota HighlanderToyota HiluxToyota Land CruiserToyota MiraiToyota PriusToyota ProAceToyota RAV4Toyota RushToyota Siennatoyota supraToyota TacomaToyota TJ CruiserToyota TundraToyota Venzatoyota yarisToyota Yaris CrosstoystoytatractortrafficTraffic Branchtraffic jamtrailerTranquebartransformersTransinvesttransporttransport policeTravaux routierstrendsTrianontricksTriolettriumphTriumph BonnevilleTriumph Bonneville BobberTrois-Boutiquestrou aux bichesTrou d’Eau DouceTrou-aux-BichesTrou-d'Eau-DouceTrou-d’Eau-DouceTrou-Fanfarontrucktruckstsunamitug of wartuningtuniningTurfTurkeytvsTyacktyresUAEuberUBIWUBSukukraineunionsUnited StatesuomUpper ValeuralUrban TerminalUSUSAused carused car importused carsvacanciesvaccinationVacoasVacoas-PhoenixvalettaVallée des PrêtresVallée-des-PrêtresVallee-PitotValtonvanvarma caseVeer Luchoomunvehicle inspectionVehiclesvelostervenezuelaVenusVerdunVictoria Bus StationVictoria stationVictoria Urban TerminalvideoVienna Auto ShowvietnamVillebagueVintagevintage carvintage carsVipervivo energyVivo Energy MauritiusVoiture électriqueVoitures électriquesvoitures reconditionnéesvolvolkswagenVolkswagen AmarokVolkswagen BeetleVolkswagen GolfVolkswagen ID.3Volkswagen ID.4Volkswagen MultivanVolkswagen PoloVolkswagen Tiguanvolvovwvw beetleVW Buggyvw golfVW ID.3VW JettaVW passatvw polovw t-crossWakashioWAPwaymoWeatherwheelsWolmarWootonWork Access PermitWorldXiaomiyachtyachtsyamahaYamaha MT-07yarisYogida SawmynadenzagatoZeekr